What is Kyoto Protocol?
- International accord adopted in 1997 and in effect since February 2005. Was ratified by 192 of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and for the first time established targets to reduce net emissions of greenhouse gases for the principal developed countries and economies in transition, with a calendar for compliance.
The greenhouse gas emissions of the industrialised countries must be reduced to at least 5% below 1990 levels during the 2008-2012 period, known as the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. At the Doha Conference in 2012, the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol adopted an amendment thereto, which established the second commitment period of the Protocol (2013-2020).
Spanish: Protocolo de Kioto