GREENHOUSE GAS (GHG) REPORT

External certification

In May 2019, AENOR performed the tenth annual check of Iberdrola's inventory of greenhouse gas emissions [PDF], as per standard UNE ISO 14064-1:2012 as regards direct and indirect emissions from all of its activities.

Below is the inventory (included in the 2019 Non-Financial Information Status Report) to be submitted to AENOR for verification in April 2019, in compliance with the GHG Greenhouse Gas Protocol of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) and the World Resources Institute (WRI).

2019 CO 2equivalent emissions (t)
  SPAIN U.K. U.S.A. BRAZIL MEXICO(*) TOTAL
SCOPE 1: Direct emissions 5,803,460 44,487 1,934,393 1,001,945 4,799,539 13,583,823
SCOPE 2: Indirect emissions 863,954 491,455 231,192 513,329 54,227 2,153,797
SCOPE 3: Other indirect emissions 3,858,165 9,437,851 19,892,852 190,409 15,657,512 49,036,519

 

SCOPE 1. DIRECT EMISSIONS OF GREENHOUSE GASES

Direct emissions come from sources that are owned or controlled by the company. They include direct emission focal points from energy generation facilities (fuel consumption), emissions from non-generation facilities (storage of gas and sludge drying), emissions from CH4 combustion (generation), emissions from N2O, fugitive emissions of methane (CH4) (storage and transport of natural gas), fugitive emissions of hexafluoride (SF6) in distribution networks, fuel consumption in buildings and emissions from mobile combustion sources, associated with road transport of employees with fleet vehicles for work purposes.

SCOPE 2. INDIRECT EMISSIONS OF GREENHOUSE GASES BY ENERGY

Includes the emissions associated with the generation of electricity acquired and consumed by the company: consumption of auxiliary energy when shutting down thermal, renewable and nuclear power plants, associated with pumping operations in hydroelectric power plants and consumption of electricity in buildings and emissions associated with network losses.

To calculate CO2, the mix emission factor of the respective country is applied. The latest information from the following institutions was used: Red Eléctrica España (Spain), DEFRA (UK), U.S. Energy Information Administration (USA), SEMARNAT (Mexico) and Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (Brazil).

SCOPE 3. OTHER INDIRECT EMISSIONS

They correspond to the remaining indirect emissions, which are a result of the company's activities, but occur at sources that are neither owned nor controlled thereby: Emissions associated to employee business trips, emissions associated to fuel transport, emissions associated to our supply chain, emissions associated to the transportation of employees from their home to their workplace, emissions associated to the electricity purchased for sale to final customer, upstream emissions (WTT) of fuels purchased and consumed and emissions produced from power generated for third parties.

The mix emission factor of the respective country is used for this calculation. The latest information from the following institutions was used: Red Eléctrica España (Spain), DEFRA (UK), U.S. Energy Information Administration (USA), SEMARNAT (Mexico) and Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (Brazil).

CERTIFICATION OF THE NATIONAL REGISTER OF CARBON FOOTPRINT

Iberdrola has been registered in the National Register of Carbon Footprint, Compensation and Carbon Dioxide Absorption Projects of the Spanish Ministry for Ecological Transition in the categories of CALCULO y REDUZCO. This certification seal was created with a two-fold purpose: to help organisations demonstrate their participation in the register and to show the effort of these organisations in combatting climate change.

Logo reduzco, compenso, calculo. 2018.

Almost 1,000 organizations have already been registered in the register since its creation. Iberdrola has registered its Carbon Footprint figures in the register every year since 2012 and is the first utility to do so, showing its commitment and leadership in the fight against climate change and in achieving objective 13 of the Sustainable Development Goals.
 

(*)In its emissions inventory, Iberdrola has designated its emissions from the plants it operates in Mexico as Scope 3 emissions under the figure for Independent Energy Producer (IEP). It has done this on the understanding that Iberdrola does not have operational control over these plants as it is the CFE that is responsible for making decisions on dispatch and the entry into operation, or not, of these plants. If the emissions associated with the installed capacity for third parties were included in Scope 1, the values would be 26,530,725 t for Scope 1 and 36,089,620 t for Scope 3. The totals would be adjusted in line with the changes. In this case, the historical series for emission intensity (305-4) would be: 166 kg/MWh (2019), 161 kg/MWh (data reported in 2018) and 187 kg/MWh (data reported in 2017).