GREENHOUSE GAS (GHG) REPORT
In April 2018, AENOR performed the ninth annual check of Iberdrola's inventory of greenhouse gas emissions [PDF], as per standard UNE ISO 14064-1:2012 as regards direct and indirect emissions from all of its activities.
Below is the inventory (included in the 2018 Sustainability report) to be presented for verification to AENOR in April 2019, in compliance with the GHG Greenhouse Gas Protocol of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) and the World Resources Institute (WRI).
|SCOPE 1: Direct emissions||4,958,842||2,242,114||1,202,792||1,310,724||14,930,626||24,645,098|
|SCOPE 2: Indirect emissions||1,081,958||532,699||377,332||486,073||1,773||2,479,834|
|SCOPE 3: Other indirect emissions||1,581,743(1)||3,343,814||9,101,788||4,473,919||2,872,670||21,373,934|
(1) Nota At the time of approval for this report the closing figures for energy sold in Spain are not available.
SCOPE 1. DIRECT EMISSIONS OF GREENHOUSE GASES
Direct emissions come from sources that are owned or controlled by the company. They include direct emission focal points from energy generation facilities (fuel consumption), emissions from non-generation facilities (storage of gas and sludge drying), fugitive emissions of methane (CH4) (storage and transport of natural gas), fugitive emissions of hexafluoride (SF6) in distribution networks, fuel consumption in buildings and emissions from mobile combustion sources, associated with road transport of employees with fleet vehicles for work purposes.
SCOPE 2. INDIRECT EMISSIONS OF GREENHOUSE GASES BY ENERGY
Includes the emissions associated with the generation of electricity acquired and consumed by the company: consumption of auxiliary energy when shutting down thermal, renewable and nuclear power plants, associated with pumping operations in hydroelectric power plants and consumption of electricity in buildings and emissions associated with network losses.
To calculate CO2, the mix emission factor of the respective country is applied. The latest information from the following institutions was used: Red Eléctrica España (Spain), DEFRA (UK), U.S. Energy Information Administration (USA), SEMARNAT (Mexico) and Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (Brazil).
SCOPE 3. OTHER INDIRECT EMISSIONS
They correspond to the remaining indirect emissions, which are a result of the company's activities, but occur at sources that are neither owned nor controlled thereby: Emissions associated with the energy purchased for sale to the end costumer, emissions arising from activities upstream of the acquired and consumed fuels (excluding fuel transportation previously specified in another category), transportation of acquired fuel, transportation of employees for business purposes (hire vehicles and personal vehicles, planes, trains, and ferries), emissions from the supplier chain and emissions from employee commuting.
The mix emission factor of the respective country is used for this calculation. The latest information from the following institutions was used: Red Eléctrica España (Spain), DEFRA (UK), U.S. Energy Information Administration (USA), SEMARNAT (Mexico) and Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (Brazil).
CERTIFICATION OF THE NATIONAL REGISTER OF CARBON FOOTPRINT
Iberdrola has been registered in the National Register of Carbon Footprint, Compensation and Carbon Dioxide Absorption Projects of the Spanish Ministry for Ecological Transition in the categories of CALCULO y REDUZCO. This certification seal was created with a two-fold purpose: to help organisations demonstrate their participation in the register and to show the effort of these organisations in combatting climate change.
636 organizations have already been registered in the register since its creation. Iberdrola has registered its Carbon Footprint figures in the register every year since 2012 and is the first utility to do so, showing its commitment and leadership in the fight against climate change and in achieving objective 13 of the Sustainable Development Goals.