Biodiversity Policy

Iberdrola promotes the biodiversity of ecosystems and awareness-raising among its stakeholders

Biodiversity policy.

Environment and climate change.

Biodiversity Policy





19 March 2024

The Board of Directors of IBERDROLA, S.A. (the "Company") has the power to design, assess and continuously revise the Governance and Sustainability System, and specifically to approve and update the corporate policies, which contain the guidelines governing the conduct of the Company and of the companies belonging to the group of which the Company is the controlling entity, within the meaning established by law (the "Group").

In fulfilling these responsibilities, and aware of its commitment to the environment generally and to the preservation of the biodiversity of the territories in which the companies of the Group do business specifically, the Board of Directors hereby approves this Biodiversity Policy (the "Policy") pursuant to the provisions of the Purpose and Values of the Iberdrola Group.

1. Purpose

The Policy is intended to establish a framework of reference for integrating the protection and promotion of biodiversity into the Group-level strategy, and to define the principles of conduct for the development of a business model that is sustainable and contributes to a nature-positive society, such that the activities of the Group’s companies protect and promote the development and growth of the natural heritage, particularly including the protection of animals, as living sentient beings.

The degradation of ecosystems and the unprecedented decline of biological diversity, unanimously identified by the scientific community as a direct consequence of the impact of human activities, entail serious environmental, economic and social risks, requiring action to reverse the loss of biodiversity.

The companies of the Group are committed to taking a leadership role in the conservation and promotion of biodiversity in their industry and to integrating into their management the United Nations 2050 vision of "Living in Harmony with Nature", where biodiversity is valued, preserved, restored and used sustainably, maintaining the services of the ecosystem, supporting a healthy planet and providing essential benefits for all people.

This commitment is aligned with the 2022 Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework targets and with the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) six, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen and seventeen approved by the United Nations (UN). 

2. Scope of Application

This Policy applies to all companies of the Group, as well as to all investees not belonging to the Group over which the Company has effective control, within the limits established by law.

Without prejudice to the provisions of the preceding paragraph, listed country subholding companies and their subsidiaries, based on their own special framework of strengthened autonomy, may establish an equivalent policy, which must be in accord with the principles set forth in this Policy and in the other environmental, social and corporate governance and regulatory compliance policies of the Governance and Sustainability System.

At those companies in which the Company has an interest and to which this Policy does not apply, the Company will promote, through its representatives on the boards of directors of such companies, the alignment of their own policies with those of the Company.

This Policy shall also apply, to the extent relevant, to the joint ventures, temporary joint ventures (uniones temporales de empresas) and other equivalent associations, if the Company assumes the management thereof.

3. Main Principles of Conduct

To implement its commitment to biodiversity, the companies of the Group shall be guided by the following main principles of conduct, which apply to all their activities and businesses:

a) integrate biodiversity in internal strategic and decision-making processes within the boundary of the Group, as well as in the analysis, management and reporting of long-term risks;

b) identify, quantify and assess, on an ongoing basis and throughout the life cycle of the facilities, the impacts and dependencies of the activities of the Group’s companies on natural capital, including diversity and the protection of wild animals and protected and vulnerable species, fostering respect for them in all lines of conduct; in particular, all new projects shall evaluate the alignment thereof with the ‘do no significant harm’ to biodiversity requirement established by the EU Taxonomy Regulation;

c) apply the principle of mitigation hierarchy (avoid, minimise, restore, and compensate as a last resort) in all the phases of infrastructure projects;

d) avoid locating new infrastructure projects in spaces that are protected due to their ecological, biological, cultural and/or landscape value or areas catalogued as having high value for biodiversity when the value of those areas would be affected, unless there are no viable alternative solutions;

e) avoid or reduce deforestation associated with their activities and supply chain; 

f) manage and compensate in quantity and quality the negative impacts produced on the environment, giving priority to the like-for-like principle and to nature-based, facilitating the connectivity of populations and encouraging the development of special protection or private conservation areas;

g) develop plans for monitoring flora and fauna, especially protected or vulnerable species, so that the interaction of infrastructure with the environment can be continuously assessed;

h) integrate the management of natural capital and biodiversity into the environmental management system (EMS) within the framework of the Group, setting goals, indicators and standards for the control, monitoring and audit thereof;

i) identify and establish management plans for invasive species that pose a risk to ecosystems and species at sites where the Group’s companies operate;

j) participate in carrying out research, preservation, education and sensitisation projects, cooperating with government agencies, non-governmental organisations, local communities and other Stakeholders on biodiversity issues and relating to the fight against abandonment, violence, mistreatment, abuse and the illegal trafficking of animals, in accordance with the provisions of the General Sustainable Development Policy;

k) promote biodiversity awareness and training for the professionals of the Group’s companies as well as for subcontracted personnel and the personnel of their suppliers; and

l) report on activities within the framework of the Group regarding biodiversity, the presence of facilities in protected areas, and research, preservation, education and awareness-raising actions, periodically publishing a biodiversity report.

4. Priority Lines of Action

Biodiversity has a leading role in the Group-level strategy, for which reason four priority lines of action have been established to apply the main principles of conduct set out in the preceding section:

a) protect biodiversity and make sustainable use of natural capital by adopting a hierarchy of  conservation and mitigation, integrating best practices throughout the life cycle in the management thereof and promoting actions for the regeneration and conservation of natural heritage;

b) continuously identify, quantify and assess throughout the life cycle of the facilities, the impacts and dependencies of the activities of the Group’s companies on natural capital, with a focus on biodiversity, through the promotion of research and improving understanding of the ecosystems of the environments of the territories in which they operate;

c) partnering with Stakeholders, considering their biodiversity needs and expectations, and participating in projects for the enhancement of biodiversity and the protection of and respect for animals; and

d) highlighting and raising awareness of the importance of biodiversity protection and conservation through training, internal and external education, awards, publications, and sponsorship, and internal and external communication of the impact of the activities of the Group’s companies in this area.

This Policy was initially approved by the Board of Directors on 18 December 2007 and was last amended on 19 March 2024.