Prevent and protect
Aspects relating to biodiversity are managed through four priority lines of action:
- Mediation, for the protection, conservation, and sustainable use of the environment (air, water, soil, fauna, flora, and landscape).
- Information, through impact assessment and the development and application of guidelines on biodiversity for new projects.
- Relations with stakeholders.
- Commitment to form, make aware of, and communicate both internally and externally.
These lines of action group together the basic principles of action defined in the Biodiversity Policy [PDF] and are put into practice with specific activities that are classified in the following categories:
- To avoid and/or mitigate the impact and restore natural assets: includes preventive, palliative and compensatory actions.
- Impact assessment: includes pre-construction studies, monitoring during and after construction, as well as studies of specific species.
- Awareness-raising and communication: includes internal and external training and education, awards, publications, cooperation, sponsoring and financing activities, etc.
Iberdrola has worked many years with biodiversity programmes and plans, with a permanent management and attending the last action lines. In June 2017, and as an example of this awareness raising activity on the preservation of natural spaces, Iberdrola received an award from the Department for the Environment of the Autonomous Government of Extremadura for its contribution to the preservation of the Monfragüe National Park.
|BASE LINE PLAN||SUB-PLAN FOR KNOWLEDGE OF THE ENVIRONMENT |
SUB-PLAN FOR COMUNICATION
|Reduction of direct impacts on biodiversity||Plan for direct protection of fauna|
|Plan for direct protection of flora|
|Plan for improvement of habitats|
|Reduction of indirect impacts on biodiversity||Plan for edaphic environment management|
|Plan for hydrological environment management|
|Specific plans for biodiversity management|
Next, some examples are described:
PROJECT / TECHNOLOGY ACTIONS OBJECTIVES Power lines Implementation of 315 measures to prevent and mitigate the impact of possible spills and have built 26 new substations deposits performances Reduce impact on soil and water environment Performance of 1,032 preventive actions to protect fauna (modification and improvement of supporting services) Reduce impact on fauna Performance of 1,611 actions to improve the network to protect vegetation Reduce impact on flora Management of 28 km2 of vegetation-covered surface to reduce the risk of fire at facilities Hydro plants Limnological control of the most eutrophicated reservoirs in the Douro and Tagus basins (pollutant loads caused by agents unrelated to Iberdrola that travel along these rivers before they flow into the reservoirs) Prevent potential impacts on fauna located downriver of reservoirs Ensure turbined waters contain the minimum amounts of dissolved oxygen essential for aquatic life Avoid levels that are harmful to ichthyofauna General Characterization of biodiversity in the environment habitat of Thermal Power Plant Velilla Environment knowledge Study of the behavior of owls in the environment of power lines in the East of Spain Environment knowledge Study of the Accident of Birds in the Electric Lines: Application of Predictive Models Study Prevent potential impacts on avians Study on the incidence in the Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti) and Bonelli's eagle (Aquila fasciata) of the electric distribution lines in the center of Spain Environment knowledge Annual celebration in the Basque Country (since 2008) of the “Environmental Volunteer Day” to increase the "Iberdrola Forest", with Lurgaia Foundation (www.lurgaia.org) and the Association of Disabled Gorabide Replanting native species favoring the conservation and management of natural heritage
Also, several partnership agreements have been signed with Spanish institutions include the arrangement with the Environment Agency of the Regional Government of Castile and León for the preservation of the natural heritage. As a partner of Natural Heritage Foundation different initiatives have been done the last years, for example:
- Developing of the Bonelli's eagle Conservation Plan in Castilla-Leon Region. Information available at the specific project webpage http://www.aguilaperdicera.org/.
- Follow-up Study Ricotí Lark in the areas of influence of several wind farms in the province of Soria.
- Removal of stork nests from San Esteban church (Castromocho) and relocation of the colony.
- Pathway signage in the Gorges of Duratón, Canyon Rio Lobos and Sierra de Gredos.
- Construction of the central theme for the National Hunting Reserve of Las Batuecas (Sierra de Gredos).
- Construction of a path in Acebal of Garagüeta.
- Reforestation on the hillsides of Castle Castrojeriz.
- Provision of the house of "Cañon del Rio Lobos" Natural Park.
- Improved accessibility to the "Arribes del Duero" Natural Park.
Fundación Iberdrola cooperates with the Spanish Ornithological Society, SEO/BirdLife, in the Migratory Bird Monitoring Program (Programa de seguimiento de aves migratorias) www.fundacioniberdrolaespana.org, www.migraciondeaves.org.
Biodiversity Action Plans (BAPs) continue to be developed at each facility, except at the Daldowie sludge drying plant. These plans define the goals for maintaining and improving natural habitats on their lands as well as an implementation schedule. Activities and goals include the following: providing natural and artificial refuges for various types of birds and bats, and encouraging the availability of food for them (by increasing the diversity of the flora, etc.); encouraging the preservation of habitats for the development of individual species of flora and fauna; improving the management of arboreal and woodland species; developing aquatic habitats; controlling plagues and animal diseases; limiting the use of herbicides, and establishing good practices for their use; planning work activities so as to minimize the impact during the breeding season; raising employee awareness; and facilitating fish travel (by means of fish ladders, the installation of counters to track the specimens that use them, etc.).
More information at the the section ScottishPower Biodiversity Action Plans, which includes records of downloadable information regarding biodiversity and its management at each generation plant.
Generally, the centers work in close cooperation with official bodies, NGOs and volunteer groups to promote BAP goals and carry out specific projects to manage potential impacts on protected sites, improve awareness of conditions at protected sites, and improve the conditions of species included in the UK BAP.
The Company's network organization in the United Kingdom has a Biodiversity Procedure that affects large projects, including the construction of overhead lines and substations. The procedure covers projects from the planning and consultation phase to the development of specific plans to protect biodiversity and habitats during the construction phase.
ScottishPower Renewables (SPR), at the wind farms in the United Kingdom, the Biodiversity Conservation Strategy is used as a reference for both the development of new wind projects as well as existing projects, with a special concern for improving the environment (flora and fauna) of the facilities, and establish Habitat Management Plans as a tool for installation. This allows SPR to compensate or mitigate for any habitat lost through the construction of a site, and often provides additional enhancement. This requires SPR to work together with statutory bodies, including Scottish Natural Heritage, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and Forestry Commission, to ensure that management compliments national biodiversity aims and follows best practise.
In addition, the following specific actions have been developed during the 2015:
PROJECT / TECHNOLOGY ACTIONS OBJECTIVES Thermal generation and gas storage Implementation of Biodiversity Action Plans (BAPs) at each facility (more information is available at www.scottishpower.com/pages/wholesale_energy_markets.aspx/www.iberdrola.com) Recover and promote regeneration of natural habitats and of the flora and fauna characteristic of facilities' environments Wind farms Action in 20 areas included in the Habitat Management Plan, performing a total of 50 activities, mainly the monitoring of birds and follow-up on reforested areas Recover and improve terrain affected by construction activities
Reduce impact on fauna
'Wrexham Industrial Estate Living Landscape' project Reforestation of 300 metres of indigenous vegetation, improving connectivity between forests Improve the habitat, fostering indigenous species, and raise social awareness of the area's rich biodiversity Creation of a suitable space for the survival of the Grizzled Skipper (Pyrgus malvae) and Dingy Skipper (Erynnis tages) butterflies, detecting their presence in the restored areas Improve the habitat, fostering indigenous species, and raise social awareness of the area's rich biodiversity Installation of nest boxes for woodpeckers, bats, and owls with the assistance of volunteers, and monitoring thereof Improve the habitat, fostering indigenous species, and raise social awareness of the area's rich biodiversity Monitoring of woodpeckers, bats, and owls with the assistance of volunteers
In the regions where Iberdrola (Avangrid) operates with high biological diversity (whether or not the diversity is protected) are avoided in new overhead power line projects. Moreover, Iberdrola is partnering with the Audubon Society and the New York Department of Environmental Conservation in order to provide nesting areas (for instance, for the osprey) away from power lines, i.e for the Osprey.
Avangrid Renewables business continues to implement the Avian and Bat Protection Program (ABBP), which is aligned with the new guidelines and recommendations for wind energy facilities of the US Fish and Wildlife Service.
There were also broad studies of birds and bats at the wind farms, the financing of scientific research. Every year, activities for the conservation of biodiversity related directly or indirectly to develop wind farms are developed, as laws and regulations of the United States require. Among the actions carried out studies on the effects on wildlife of wind power plants, work always validated by expert biologist, studies on birds and bats in wind farms environments in which NGOs are involved, monitoring include monthly indicators associated biodiversity.
In addition, the following specific actions have been developed during the 2016:
PROJECT / TECHNOLOGY ACTIONS OBJECTIVES Power lines Water treatments in collaboration with land owners in two river basins, treating runoff from impermeable areas in the basins prior to its entry into the river Improve water quality and improve the aquatic habitat of the riverbank Auburn Transmission Project Acquiring wetlands in collaboration with the organisation Ducks Unlimited, by means of financial collaboration Improve quality of the aquatic habitat and stimulate species MPRP Transmission upgrade project Preparation of a development and monitoring plan to control invasive species Reduce impact on flora TL 48 Rebuild Recover and improve terrain affected by construction activities Wind farms Recover natural habitats and foster their regeneration, avoid the displacement of indigenous species, monitor species, raise awareness, and train local communities Reduce impact on flora Raise social awareness of the area's rich biodiversity
PROJECT / TECHNOLOGY ACTIONS OBJECTIVES Power Lines Reforestation, programs for the rescue and relocation of wildlife, monitoring of fauna for a minimum period of two years, programs for the recovery of degraded areas, etc. Ensure the success of programmes to recover and offset impact on Permanent Conservation Areas ("APPs") and degraded areas (quarries, tips) Hydroelectric plants Reforestation of affected areas Ensure the success of programmes to recover and offset impact on Permanent Conservation Areas (APPs) and degraded areas (quarries, tips) Continuation of environmental biodiversity conservation programmes based on the impacts of plant operation: monitoring of fauna (ichthyofauna, herpetofauna, avifauna, mammalian fauna, entomofauna, etc.); monitoring of flora in reforested areas; water quality control; monitoring of erosive processes, etc. Ensure the success of programmes to recover and offset impact on Permanent Conservation Areas (APPs) and degraded areas (quarries, tips)
It should be noted that, Neoenergia has several environmental programs in the communities where it operates, developing partnerships with management units of Natural Parks, Ecological Stations, Experimental Reserves, among other conservation units and communities, seeking the recovery and preservation of the environment, education and environmental development of the local population. Environmental programs are based on monitoring and reporting, which records the changes affect biodiversity and environmental benefits generated.
PROJECT / TECHNOLOGY ACTIONS OBJECTIVES Thermal generation Development of the Garrapatas Estuary Rescue Project Development of the Feline Support Project in the Altamira region Wind farms Follow-up of reforesting carried out during construction of the La Ventosa wind farm Ensure the success of reforesting work Paperwork is underway for reforestation of an area covering approximately 19 ha in the area of the La Venta III wind farm Improve the habitat Paperwork is underway for reforestation of an area covering approximately 25.5 ha in the area of the La Venta III line Improve the habitat