The respect for the environment, flora and fauna or the defense of the nature are essential in fighting climate change. Iberdrola group promotes the biodiversity in ecosystems by supporting the cultural heritage development, apart from encouraging cultural and social awareness in this regard.
2019 was the end of a decennium horribilis for the planet's climate. The verdict of the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) during COP25 was unequivocal: the warmest decade since records began (1850). The consequences of the increase in the average temperature of the Earth range from the rise in the oceans to the proliferation of extreme meteorological phenomena.
Desertification, or loss of fertile, productive soil, is a problem which is exacerbating climate change, because the diminishing number of trees on the planet is worsening the greenhouse effect. One solution to this is reforestation. Despite its drawbacks, it is still an option for regreening thousands of hectares.
Iberdrola is launching the Trees programme to promote the planting of 20 million trees in this decade, in line with the main international biodiversity commitments. The plan's first goal is to have planted 2.5 million trees by 2022, and 8 million by 2025. Between them, they will capture approximately 6 million tonnes of CO2 over 30 years.
The abusive and unsustainable use of natural resources not only harms the health of the planet, it also wipes out entire species so that they disappear for ever. The frenetic loss of biodiversity means that a million plants and animals are currently under threat. Others had even worse luck. Below we list some of the extinct species that we can only reminisce about today.
Acid rain is one of the consequences of air pollution. Gases produced from the burning of fuels react with the oxygen in the air and water vapour, transforming into acids that fall onto the earth's surface as rain. This acidification of the earth and surface water has devastating effects on ecosystems and poses a serious danger to living beings.