Water use: Good habits
Use water responsibly: don't waste it
Salt water makes up over 97% of the water on the planet. Two thirds of the fresh water is trapped in glaciers and the polar ice caps, and most of the remaining third is in the ground or in underground aquifers. Conclusion: there is very little water available for living things.
GLOBAL USE OF WATER AND
More than 2 billion people (26% of the world's population) do not have access to safe drinking water, with 46% of the population lacking access to sanitation, according to UNESCO in its latest report. The report also predicts that by 2050 more than 1.5 billion people will suffer from water scarcity in major cities.
The rise in the use of industrial and domestic water
International organisations estimate that total demand for water will double by 2050 due to the growing demand for water in industry and agriculture, as well as the rise in domestic consumption caused by mass migration from rural areas to cities. Today 3.9 billion people live in cities; by 2030, this number will be 5 billion.
In the last two decades, the amount of fresh water available per person has been reduced by more than 20 %, with serious problems in North Africa and West and South Asia. The problem is growing in the most economically challenged countries where 74% of the rural population lacks access to safe drinking water according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.Enlace externo, se abre en ventana nueva. That is why all of us must use water responsibly and learn habits that reduce water consumption, such as, for example:
How to use water the right way?
With these simple habits we will be able to considerably reduce water consumption whilst also using water properly:
Periodically examine water taps, plumbing and piping, both indoors and outside of our homes, to prevent leaks.
Use rainwater catchment systems to collect water for use in the bathroom or to water plants...
Collect the shower water that comes out while waiting for it to heat up to use it for other purposes.
Install water-saving bathroom fittings. If your cistern is not ecological, drop a bottle filled with sand into it.
Do not use the toilet as a waste bin: each flush of the toilet wastes 6 to 10 litres of water.
Install aerators on your taps to mix the water stream with air, saving up to 40% of the water.
Cover swimming pools when they are not in use to reduce water evaporation.
Wash vehicles in facilities designed for that purpose.
For years now companies and institutions have been researching and implementing vital technological advances to achieve rational water consumption both industrially and domestically. But sustainable consumption is everyone's responsibility. As John Fitzgerald Kennedy said, "anyone who can solve the problems of water will be worthy of two Nobel prizes — one for peace and one for science."