INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S DAY 2020
We are supporting this celebration on 8 March to move towards equal opportunities
Under the theme I am Generation Equality: Realizing Women's Rights, this year International Women's Day will focus on mobilising global action with a view to achieve gender equality and the realisation of the human rights of women and girls. Iberdrola group, which assumes as its own the challenges of United Nations Sustainable Development Goal number 5 — gender equality —, contributes to equal opportunities through different actions and initiatives.
OUR CONTRIBUTION TO EQUALITY
We work towards equal opportunities
Iberdrola group's corporate policy seeks to create a favourable labour relations framework based on equal opportunities, non-discrimination and respect for diversity.
Acting for effective gender equality
Women make up 23% of Iberdrola's workforce. Our goal is to continue moving forward until we establish ourselves as an international model of equality, both inside and outside the company.
Committed to women and girls in science
For the third year running, Iberdrola in 2020 has organised activities to assert the contributions of women to science and research throughout history.
Benchmark for our gender equality report
Iberdrola group published in 2019 the first Gender Equality Report, in which we showed our contribution to SDG 5.
Bloomberg Gender-Equality Index
For the third year running, Bloomberg has recognised Iberdrola's commitment to transparency and progress in equal opportunities.
SUPPORTING WOMEN IN SPORT
Proud to support our sportswomen
For the past three years, Iberdrola has been the main promoter of the Women's Universe program of the Spanish Sports Council (CSD), whose objective is to boost sport practised by women.
Raising awareness of the role of women in sport
On the occasion of International Women's Day, Pontevedra will become the Spanish capital sport on 7 and 8 March, thanks to the Women's Universe Tour promoted by Iberdrola.
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All the information about
INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S DAY
What is International Women's Day and why is it celebrated?
International Women's Day is a day of protest and celebration of women's rights held on 8 March every year to fight for equality, participation and empowerment of women in all areas of society. It is a good time to reflect on the progress made, clamour for more changes and to celebrate the courage and determination of women who have played a key role in the history of the feminist movement.
How is International Women's Day celebrated?
International Women's Day is celebrated in many countries around the world and in some it is a national holiday. Rallies and demonstrations are held to demand gender equality and the rights of women and girls around the world. The first international women's strike was held in 2017, called by feminist organisations from more than 50 countries to make male violence visible in all its forms (sexual, social, cultural, political and economic). Since then, strikes and general strikes have been held in which women are called to participate in a way that goes beyond merely work-related (care, consumer, student and voluntary organisation strikes) with the aim of showing the important role that such women play in society.
Why is International Women's Day such important?
The struggle for equality and the rights of women throughout the world remains, unfortunately, very necessary. According to the United Nations (UN), no country has managed to achieve gender equality yet. Although unprecedented progress has been made, real change is still very slow and there are still obstacles in the legislation and culture that have yet to be removed. For example, the UN warns that there are legal restrictions that prevent 2.7 billion women from accessing the same labour options as men, while one in three women continues suffering gender-based violence. We are currently also facing a high risk of reversing the achievements already made.
2020: 25 years since the Beijing Platform for Action
The UN identifies 2020 as a decisive year for the promotion of gender equality worldwide, once the international community has been able to take stock of the progress made in the area of women's rights since the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, which was approved in 1995 at the Fourth World Conference on Women and is recognised as the most progressive roadmap for the empowerment of women and girls worldwide.
2020 also marks other milestones within the movement for gender equality: five years have passed since the definition of the Sustainable Development Goals; 20 since the adoption of resolution 1325 of the United Nations Security Council on Women, Peace and Security; and 10 since the creation of UN Women, the United Nations body for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women.
What is the slogan of International Women's Day 2020?
This year's slogan is I am Generation Equality: Realizing Women's Rights. It is aligned with the new multi-generational UN Women campaign, Generation Equality, which marks the 25th anniversary of the Beijing Platform for Action.
What activities are held on International Women's Day?
Governments, NGOs, institutions, unions and companies organise all kinds of awareness activities on the occasion of International Women's Day. The UN holds the Observance of International Women's Day event, which this year will take place on 6 March at the headquarters of its Secretariat in New York. The meeting will bring together the next generations of women and girls leaders and activists for gender equality with defenders of women's rights and visionaries who were vital in the creation of the Beijing Platform for Action. At the event, in which change creators of all ages and genders will be honoured, there will be discussion on how to address collectively the empowerment of women in the coming years.
History of International Women's Day
In the wake of the French Revolution, women became aware of their role in the class struggle. As in 1917, with the Russian Revolution, the uprising began with the protests of women against the cost of living. However, despite having marched and fought alongside men, the class struggle did not contemplate the gender struggle, so women began to demand social equality with men. This led in 1791 to the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen — in response to the Declaration of Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789 — which proposed the emancipation of women, equal rights and women's suffrage.
Later, in the mid-19th century, suffrage groups associated with the international labour movement began to emerge, linking the emancipation of women with the struggle of the working class.
How did International Women's Day started? What is its origins?
On 28 February 1909 the first National Women's Day was held in the United States, organised by Socialist Women in honour of the strike by textile workers in 1908 in Chicago and New York. Some 15,000 women marched through New York City to demand a reduction in working hours, better salaries and the right to vote.
The New York Shirtwaist strike, also known as the Uprising of the 20,000, began in November of that year too. Led by Clara Lemlich, it lasted for 11 weeks and managed to reduce the workday to 52 hours per week (before it was between 65 and 75 hours) for both men and women, and establish four days of paid holidays.
Why is International Women's Day held on 8 March?
In 1910, the 2nd International Socialist Women's Conference, held in Copenhagen (Denmark), declared 8 March as International Women's Day, at the proposal of Clara Zetkin. The objective was to promote equal rights, including women's suffrage. The first International Women's Day was finally held on 19 March 1911 in Germany, Austria, Denmark and Switzerland, with rallies attended by more than one million people to demand that women should have the right to vote, to hold public office, to work, to vocational training and to non-discrimination at work.
Less than a week later, on 25 March, a fire was reported at the Triangle Shirtwaist factory in New York. The workers could not escape the fire because the employers blocked the doors to prevent them from going out to take breaks. 123 women and 23 men died. After this carnage, public protests led to major changes in the labour and industrial legislation of the United States.
In 1913, Russia celebrated its first International Women's Day on the last Sunday of February. And in 1914, International Women's Day was celebrated for the first time in Germany, Sweden and Russia on 8 March.
On 8 March 1917, coinciding with International Women's Day, several rallies and demonstrations were held in Russia that had a strong political and economic tone, leading to the uprising that ended the monarchy. That same year, after the October Revolution, the Bolshevik leader Alexandra Kollontai made 8 March a national public holiday and, in 1965, it was declared a non-working day. From that moment on, many other countries started to celebrate this day as a public holiday.
When was the first International Women's Day celebrated?
In 1975 the UN announced 8 March as International Women's Day and celebrated it officially for the first time. Two years later, the UN General Assembly invited all states to proclaim, in accordance with their historical and national traditions, a United Nations Day for women's rights and international peace.
In the United States, International Women's Day wasn't established until 1994.
What are the representative colours of International Women's Day?
The most representative colour is purple. This is the international colour of the equal rights movement and the tone that the American suffragettes adopted as a uniform in the Washington march in favour of the Equal Rights Amendment in 1978.
But the link between feminism and purple dates back much earlier. There is a legend that associates it with the colour of the shirts made by the workers who died in the Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire in 1911. They say that the smoke, which could be seen miles away, was purple.
English suffragettes also adopted purple in 1908, along with green and white. The English activist Emmeline Pethick explained it as follows: "Purple, colour of the sovereigns, symbolises the royal blood that runs through the veins of each fighter for the right to vote, and symbolises their awareness of freedom and dignity. White symbolises honesty in both private and political life. And green symbolises the hope for a new beginning."
What is the symbol of International Women's Day?
The symbol of International Women's Day is the purple bow.
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