Four lines of priority action
The Earth's natural assets are not only essential for the development of biological diversity, but are also fundamental for the economic and social progress of humanity. For this reason there is an inevitable direct and indirect interaction between the group's activities and biodiversity.
Main ways of biodiversity protection.
Carrying out generation, distribution and commercialisation activities produces, throughout their life cycle, interactions with different ecosystems, landscapes and species which puts them at the forefront of a business strategy through four lines of priority action:
- Mediation for the protection, conservation and sustainable use of environmental resources (air, water, soils, wildlife, flora and countryside).
- Information via impact assessments, and the development and application of biodiversity guidelines for new projects.
- Relationship with the Stakeholders.
- Commitment to train, raise awareness and communicate both internally and externally.
The aim is to carry out the company's activity and undertake new projects sustainably, so that they can co-exist in harmony, conserving and protecting the natural heritage. Biodiversity and eco-systems occupy a key position in the company strategy, and this is handled in various ways:
- The Biodiversity Policy [PDF], defining the corporate philosophy and by which the company undertakes to integrate biodiversity in its decision-making processes, in particular when designing and building new infrastructures and including it in our environment management, training, collaboration and information systems.
- Environmental management model for the implementation of management systems through follow-up and control plans, most of these certified according to standards ISO 14001 or EMAS to prevent and control environmental risks.
- The Biodiversity Agreement, of which Iberdrola has been a member since 2013 and which is promoted by the Biodiversity Foundation, which reports to the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and the Environment, is intended to show our commitment to the conservation of the environment and the sustainable use of biodiversity.
- The Corporate Environmental Footprint (CEF), which defines the group's impact on biodiversity. The CEF encompasses all our business and allows us to know the effects of each technology on biodiversity. Combined with the methodology for the assessment of ecosystem services (REIS, USAL Project), it allows us to determine goals for improvement:
- Direct effects on biodiversity: plans for the protection of wildlife (Eurasian eagle-owl, Bonelli's eagle, Cantabrian capercaillie, etc.) and of flora (Mediterranean forests, indigenous species, etc.), and the management of specific habitats (wetlands, etc.).
- Indirect effects on ecosystems: management plans for the water environment (effluent control, preventive measures for spills and discharges), the soil (preventive measures for spills) and specific biodiversity management plans.
- Policy on relations with Stakeholders, approved by the Board of Directors on 23 October 2018.
- Environmental impact studies before any construction, using mechanisms for the analysis and prevention of impacts that take into account several alternatives and establish corrective measures to prevent, mitigate or compensate any possible damage.
- Protection of species and habitats by applying positive conservation management and researching locations and their surroundings. All actions, both regulatory and voluntary, have the goal of obtaining a positive net balance in our relationship with the environment.