Four priority lines of action
The Earth's natural assets are not only essential for the development of biological diversity, but are also fundamental for the economic and social progress of humanity. For this reason there is an inevitable direct and indirect interaction between the group's activities and biodiversity.
Main ways of biodiversity protection.
Generation, distribution and commercialisation activities produces, throughout their life cycle, interactions with different ecosystems, landscapes and species. Our biodiversity policy, approved by the Board of Directors, puts biodiversity and ecosystems at the forefront of our business strategy through four defined priority lines of action:
- Foster the protection, conservation and sustainable use of natural capital, through specific preventive, palliative and compensatory actions.
- Knowledge of the environment and avoidance of impact through the application of a preventive approach in environmental impact assessments for new projects, the control of impact, and the use of best practice throughout the life cycle (construction, operation and dismantling).
- Collaboration with Stakeholders, considering their needs and expectations in matters of biodiversity so that they can be integrated into action plans, and working together on research projects.
- Commitment to train, raise awareness and communicate both internally and externally about the importance of biodiversity.
These lines of activity are managed through various means:
- The Biodiversity Policy, defining the corporate philosophy and through which the company undertakes to integrate biodiversity in its decision-making processes, in particular when designing and building new infrastructures to include it in our environment management, training, collaboration and information systems.
- The Biodiversity Pact, of which Iberdrola has been a member since 2013 and which is promoted by the Biodiversity Foundation, part of the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and the Environment, is intended to show our commitment to the conservation of the environment and the sustainable use of biodiversity.
- Environmental management model for the implementation of management systems through follow-up and control plans, most of these certified according to standards ISO 14001 or EMAS to prevent and control environmental risks.
- Environmental impact studies and monitoring plan. Before any construction, using mechanisms for the analysis and prevention of impacts that take into account several alternatives and establish corrective measures to prevent, mitigate or compensate any possible damage, monitored through monitoring plan and management systems.
- Biodiversity action plans, focusing on the protection of species and habitats through the application of positive conservation management and research of sites and surroundings. Actions, both regulatory and voluntary, aim to produce a net positive balance in relation to the environment.
- The Corporate Environmental Footprint (CEF), which provides information on the group's impact on biodiversity from a life-cycle perseective. The CEF encompasses all our businesses and allows us to know the effects of each technology on biodiversity. Combined with the methodology for the assessment of ecosystem services (REIS Project, USAL), it allows us to determine goals for improvement:
- Direct effects on biodiversity: plans for the protection of wildlife (Eurasian eagle-owl, Bonelli's eagle, Cantabrian capercaillie, etc.) and of flora (Mediterranean forests, indigenous species, etc.), and the management of specific habitats (wetlands, etc.).
- Indirect effects on ecosystems: management plans for the water environment (effluent control, preventive measures for spills and discharges), the soil (preventive measures for spills) and specific biodiversity management plans.
- Policy on relations with Stakeholders, approved by the Board of Directors on 23 October 2018.