EUROPEAN GREEN DEAL

European Green Deal: much more than a strategy to combat climate change

#climate change #environmental sustainability #social transformation

In 2009, in the midst of an economic recession, the United Nations already pointed the way by launching a report entitled Rethinking the Economic Recovery: A Global Green New Deal. Its call went unnoticed, but today, with numerous indicators focusing on the impact of climate change on the planet, this concept is becoming topical once again with the objective of paving the way for sustainable growth. The European Union (EU) has now announced the European Green Deal.

Climate change is a reality and reality, as we know, is stubborn. The crisis caused by the coronavirus and its consequences might make us lose sight of problems like this, problems that are still there and have to be resolved. In recent years, numerous proposals have been put forward to combat climate change, but one that returns time and time again is the Green New Deal, a movement that seeks to save the planet for new generations based on sustainable growth. In that way, one of the most featured project is the one that was presented by the new European Commission, headed by Ursula Von der Leyen, in December 2019: The European Green Deal.

WHAT IS THE EUROPEAN GREEN DEAL (OBJECTIVES)

The European Green Deal, which has received the support of major companies like Iberdrola, sets out a strategic road map with specific milestones that focus political action on a green transition. Its plan, which has the strong backing of the German, French and Spanish governments, has the following objectives:

 To make the EU climate neutral by 2050.

 To protect human life, animals and plants by reducing pollution.

 To contribute to guaranteeing a fair and integrated transition.

 Development of clean energies, reliable and affordable, and developing the transition funding.

 Conversion of agriculture and rural regions.

Iberdrola
TheEuropeanGreenDeal
aroadmapfortransformingtheEuropeaneconomy
[CLIMATE ACTION AT THE HEART OF THE TRANSFORMATION]
European
Green
Deal
Funding the transition
Clean, reliable, affordable sources of energy
Achieving climate
neutrality
Sustainable transport
Conservation of Europe's assets
Transition toward the Circular Economy
A pollution-free Europe
Local farming
Transformation of farming
and rural areas
A modernised, simpler farming policy
Fair transition
(nobody gets forgotten)

 

 SEE INFOGRAPHIC: The European Green Deal, a road map for transforming the European economy [PDF]

EUROPEAN GREEN DEAL PROPOSALS AND POLICIES

The European Green Deal contains a wide range of measures to promote a renewables-based energy mix, make progress in transport sustainability, spearhead a sustainable, efficient and circular industrial model, and so on. Below, we take a detailed look at the main proposals put forward within this ambitious project:

 Sustainable industry

Only 12% of the materials used in industry come from recycling. The proposal is that that companies should receive aid to modernise their processes and stimulate circular production that generates zero emissions. It will especially affect sectors such as textiles, electronics and plastics.

 Efficient construction

The renovation of buildings, which currently account for 40% of energy consumption, will be key. Sustainable urban development is therefore proposed that invests in the energy efficiency of buildings.

 Clean energy

The production and use of energy accounts for more than 75% of the EU's greenhouse emissions, so the aim is to decarbonise this sector and prioritise the use of clean, renewable energy by modernising infrastructure and promoting energy efficiency.

Wind power, key in the European Green Deal.#RRSSWind power, key in the European Green Deal.

 SEE INFOGRAPHIC: Wind power, key in the European Green Deal [PDF]
 

 Sustainable mobility

The aim is to reduce emissions from cars, trains, shipping and air transport — transport accounts for 25% of the EU's emissions —. Sustainable mobility is therefore proposed that promotes the use of cleaner and more efficient public and private transport.

 Protection of biodiversity

The European Green Deal also promotes measures to protect biodiversity and ecosystems, to improve the quality of the oceans and forests, and to develop the concept of a green city that seeks to increase biodiversity in urban spaces.

 Sustainable feeding

The aim is to reduce the use of pesticides and develop innovative techniques, such as foodtech, in agricultural processes, to ensure sustainable and quality feeding, and to increase organic farming, among other things.

 Reducing pollution

Obviously, doing away with emissions cannot but be one of the main objectives. But as well as clean air, measures are also put forward to achieve plastic-free seas and oceans and to improve citizens' quality of life.

MEASURES AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE

Climate change is a battle to be won in the medium and long term, but with everyone's effort today and adequate mitigation and adaptation, such as the measures proposed by the UN, we will be able to begin to minimise the damage and promote more sustainable development. For instance, by promoting the so-called green jobs that are key to the future economy:

Measures to alleviate climate change

 Improve energy efficiency and focus on renewable energies.

 Promote public transport and sustainable mobility.

 Promote industry, agriculture, fishing and ecological stock breeding, as well as responsible consumption.

 Tax the use of certain fuels through green taxes.

Measures to adapt to climate change

 Build safer and more sustainable buildings and infrastructures.

 Repopulate forests and restore damaged ecosystems.

 Diversify crops so that they can adapt better to changing climates.

 Seek innovative solutions to prevent and manage natural disasters.

 

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PROPOSTAS E POLÍTICAS DO EUROPEAN GREEN DEAL

O European Green Deal contém um grande conjunto de medidas para promover uma matriz energética baseada em energias renováveis, avançar em termos de sustentabilidade do transporte, liderar um modelo industrial sustentável, eficiente e circular, etc. A seguir, revisamos pormenorizadamente as principais propostas deste ambicioso projeto:

 Indústria sustentável

Somente 12 % dos materiais utilizados no setor da indústria procede da reciclagem. A proposta indica que as empresas recebam ajudas para modernizar seus processos e estimular uma produção circular que gere zero emissões. Dito fato afetará especialmente setores como o têxtil, o eletrônico ou o dos plásticos.

 Construção eficiente

A renovação dos edifícios, que atualmente significa 40% do consumo de energia, será fundamental. Para tal, propõe-se um desenvolvimento urbano sustentável que invista na eficiência energética dos edifícios.

 Energia limpa

A produção e uso de energia significa mais de 75% das emissões de efeito estufa da UE. Por isso, o objetivo é descarbonizar este setor e priorizar o uso de energias limpas e renováveis graças à modernização das infraestruturas e à promoção da eficiência energética.

A energia eólica, chave no European Green Deal.#RRSSA energia eólica, chave no European Green Deal.
 

 VER INFOGRÁFICO: A energia eólica, chave no European Green Deal [PDF]
 

 Mobilidade sustentável

O objetivo é reduzir as emissões de carros, trens, transporte marítimo e aéreo. O transporte representa 25% das emissões da UE. Neste sentido, a ideia é uma mobilidade sustentável que promova o uso de transportes públicos e privados mais limpos, eficientes e saudáveis.

 Proteção da biodiversidade

O European Green Deal também promove medidas para proteger a biodiversidade e os ecossistemas, visando melhorar a qualidade dos oceanos e das florestas, e para desenvolver o conceito de cidade verde que busca aumentar a biodiversidade nos espaços urbanos.

 Alimentação sustentável

O objetivo é reduzir o uso de pesticidas e desenvolver técnicas inovadoras, como o foodtech, nos processos agrícolas, garantir uma alimentação sustentável e de qualidade e aumentar a pecuária orgânica, entre outros.

 Redução da poluição

Acabar com as emissões, como não podia ser de outra forma, é um dos principais objetivos. Além de um ar mais limpo, também se propõem medidas para conseguir mares e oceanos sem plásticos e para melhorar a qualidade de vida dos cidadãos.

MEDIDAS CONTRA AS MUDANÇAS CLIMÁTICAS

As mudanças climáticas são uma batalha que será ganha no médio e longo prazo, mas com o esforço de todos hoje e com as medidas de mitigação e adaptação adequadas, como as propostas pela ONU, poderemos começar a minimizar os danos e promover um desenvolvimento mais sustentável. Por exemplo, por meio do incentivo dos denominados empregos verdes, fundamentais na economia do futuro, entre outros:

Medidas de mitigação das mudanças climáticas

 Melhorar a eficiência energética e apostar nas energias renováveis.

 Promover o transporte público e a mobilidade sustentável.

 Promover a indústria, a agricultura, a pesca e a pecuária ecológicas e o consumo responsável.

 Taxar o uso de determinados combustíveis com impostos verdes.

Medidas de adaptação às mudanças climáticas

 Construir edificações e infraestruturas mais seguras e sustentáveis.

 Replantar as florestas e restaurar os ecossistemas danificados.

 Diversificar os cultivos para que se adaptem melhor a climas mais mutáveis.

 Procurar soluções inovadoras para a prevenção e gestão de catástrofes naturais.

 

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