European Green Deal

European Green Deal: much more than a strategy to combat climate change

Social transformation

In 2009, in the midst of an economic recession, the United Nations already pointed the way by launching a report entitled Rethinking the Economic Recovery: A Global Green New Deal. Its call went unnoticed, but today, with numerous indicators focusing on the impact of climate change on the planet, this concept is becoming topical once again with the objective of paving the way for sustainable growth. The European Union (EU) has now announced the European Green Deal.

European Green Deal fights climate change by proposing a thorough transformation of the economic system.
European Green Deal fights climate change by proposing a thorough transformation of the economic system.

Climate change is a reality and reality, as we know, is stubborn. The crisis caused by the coronavirus and its consequences might make us lose sight of problems like this, problems that are still there and have to be resolved. In recent years, numerous proposals have been put forward to combat climate change, but one that returns time and time again is the Green New Deal, a movement that seeks to save the planet for new generations based on sustainable growth. In that way, one of the most featured project is the one that was presented by the new European Commission, headed by Ursula Von der Leyen, in December 2019: The European Green Deal.

What is the European Green Deal (objectives)

The European Green Deal, which has received the support of major companies like Iberdrola, sets out a strategic road map with specific milestones that focus political action on a green and energy transition. Its plan, which has the strong backing of the German, French and Spanish governments, has the following objectives:

 To make the EU climate neutral by 2050.

 To protect human life, animals and plants by reducing pollution.

 To contribute to guaranteeing a fair and integrated transition.

 Development of clean energies, reliable and affordable, and developing the transition funding.

 Conversion of agriculture and rural regions.

The European Green Deal,
a road map for transforming the European economy
Funding the transition
Clean, reliable, affordable sources of energy
Achieving climate
Conservation of Europe's assets
Transition toward the Circular Economy
A pollution-free Europe
Transformation of farming
and rural areas
A modernised,
simpler farming policy
Fair transition
(nobody gets forgotten)

 SEE INFOGRAPHIC: The European Green Deal, a road map for transforming the European economy [PDF] External link, opens in new window.

European Green Deal proposals and policies

The European Green Deal contains a wide range of measures to promote a renewables-based energy mix, make progress in transport sustainability, spearhead a sustainable, efficient and circular industrial model, and so on. Below, we take a detailed look at the main proposals put forward within this ambitious project:

 Sustainable industry

Only 12% of the materials used in industry come from recycling. The proposal is that that companies should receive aid to modernise their processes and stimulate circular production that generates zero emissions. It will especially affect sectors such as textiles, electronics and plastics.

 Efficient construction

The renovation of buildings, which currently account for 40% of energy consumption, will be key. Sustainable urban development is therefore proposed that invests in the energy efficiency of buildings.

 Clean energy

The production and use of energy accounts for more than 75% of the EU's greenhouse emissions, so the aim is to decarbonise this sector and prioritise the use of clean, renewable energy by modernising infrastructure and promoting energy efficiency.

Wind power, key in the European Green Deal.
Wind power, key in the European Green Deal.

 SEE INFOGRAPHIC: Wind power, key in the European Green Deal [PDF] External link, opens in new window.

 Sustainable mobility

The aim is to reduce emissions from cars, trains, shipping and air transport — transport accounts for 25% of the EU's emissions —. Sustainable mobility is therefore proposed that promotes the use of cleaner and more efficient public and private transport.

 Protection of biodiversity

The European Green Deal also promotes measures to protect biodiversity and ecosystems, to improve the quality of the oceans and forests, and to develop the concept of a green city that seeks to increase biodiversity in urban spaces.

 Sustainable feeding

The aim is to reduce the use of pesticides and develop innovative techniques, such as foodtech, in agricultural processes, to ensure sustainable and quality feeding, and to increase organic farming, among other things.

 Reducing pollution

Obviously, doing away with emissions cannot but be one of the main objectives. But as well as clean air, measures are also put forward to achieve plastic-free seas and oceans and to improve citizens' quality of life.

Measures against climate change

Climate change is a battle to be won in the medium and long term, but with everyone's effort today and adequate mitigation and adaptation, such as the measures proposed by the UN, we will be able to begin to minimise the damage and promote more sustainable development. For instance, by promoting the so-called green jobs that are key to the future economy:

Measures to alleviate climate change

 Improve energy efficiency and focus on renewable energies.

 Promote public transport and sustainable mobility.

 Promote industry, agriculture, fishing and ecological stock breeding, as well as responsible consumption.

 Tax the use of certain fuels through green taxes.

Measures to adapt to climate change

 Build safer and more sustainable buildings and infrastructures.

 Repopulate forests and restore damaged ecosystems.

 Diversify crops so that they can adapt better to changing climates.

 Seek innovative solutions to prevent and manage natural disasters.


 Iberdrola participates on Davos Forum to analyse the impact of Covid-19 External link, opens in new window.

 Priorities of ETC to help the global economy recovery [PDF] External link, opens in new window.

 Iberdrola signs the ETC card for global economy recovery [PDF] External link, opens in new window.

 Iberdrola calls to EU to build an alliance for a Green Recovery [PDF] External link, opens in new window.