We lead the transition to sustainable mobility
Iberdrola reinforces its strategy through its Sustainable Mobility Plan started up in 2016, thanks to the development of policies and concrete actions to 'mobilise' all the players involved: administration, companies, car manufacturers, etc.
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SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY PLAN
The Sustainable Mobility Plan is part of this commitment undertaken by the company in its Sustainable Management Policy, which requires the assumption of policies that promote sustainable exploitation of the group's corporate purpose. The objectives of this initiative are to reduce emissions, promote energy efficiency, improve the quality of life of the people living in the areas where the group operates and raise awareness among employees.
Ignacio Galán, chairman of the Iberdrola group
We are offering our customers smart charging solutions at a 10th of the cost of traditional combustion engines
MAIN SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY INITIATIVES
Smart Mobility Plan
Iberdrola has joined forces with the BNP Paribas Group to revolutionise the leasing market in Spain. Both companies have reached an agreement that includes an innovative solution called All-inclusive, with which they intend to respond to one of the segments with the greatest growth potential in the coming years: the electrification of fleets associated with the distribution of online commerce. The solution, aimed at individuals and companies, includes leasing of electric vehicles through Arval, the installation of a charging point financed by BNP Paribas Leasing Solutions and energy consumption at home and on public roads for the contracted kilometres supplied by Iberdrola in a single package.
The company has signed different agreements with vehicle manufacturers to promote sustainable mobility. The most significant include those signed with Volvo Car Spain, with SEAT and Volkswagen Group España Distribución (VGED) as well as with the Quadis dealer network. Iberdrola also has an alliance with Irizar and its subsidiary Irizar e-mobility aimed at making urban bus fleets electric and establishing charging infrastructure.
Iberdrola is also committed to electric motorbikes, and together with Cooltra — with a fleet of more than 7,500 shared electric motorbikes throughout Europe — and Inetum, will roll out the service in cities where they operate. The smart charging stations each have capacity to house 20 chargers and multibrand motorbike batteries. The banks will be installed in public spaces such as shopping centres, car parks and mobility hubs.
Likewise, in September 2020, the group signed a green loan with the Official Credit Institute (ICO) for 59.4 million to install 2,500 charging points on public roads in Spain and Portugal. Iberdrola's mobility electrification plan also has the support of the European Commission, through a €13 m grant, awarded to the company within the framework of the CEF Transport Blending Facilities invitation from the Innovation and Networks Executive Agency (INEA), which will contribute towards financing the installation of 2,339 rapid, super-rapid and ultra-rapid charging stations in Spain and Portugal in the run up to 2023. These new charging stations will be sited on high-volume traffic routes in both countries and at points close to the trans-European transport networks (TEN-T).
These agreements are framed within the Smart Mobility Plan, which encompasses installing charging points, as well as a special rate for vehicle charging with electricity from green sources. The plan envisages the deployment of nearly 150,000 electric vehicle charging points — six times the number in the original plan —, aimed mainly at households and companies that want to offer this service to their employees or customers, as well as urban public spaces. At the close of the First Half 2021, there has been a significant increase in Smart Mobility uptake, which have almost tripled in the last 12 months.
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Iberdrola has already begun the deployment of the largest network of fast charging stations for electric vehicles on Spain's main motorways and corridors. The project, which has received investment €150 million, will eliminate the current barriers on inter-urban sustainable mobility.
This deployment supposed the installation of more than 200 fast, super-fast and ultra-fast (50 kW, 150 kW and 350 kW) recharging stations in little over a year. Iberdrola will provide ultra-rapid stations (350 kW) every 200 kilometres, super-rapid (150 kW) every 100 kilometres and rapid (50 kW), every 50 kilometres.
In May this year, it has already awarded contracts worth 50 million euros to 20 small and medium-sized companies in eleven autonomous regions, for the installation of 3,600 charge points for companies and on public roads, with rapid, super-rapid and ultra-rapid chargers, which are currently the most powerful on the market. These contracts will create jobs for 200 workers almost all over Spain.
This will allow the larger part of the battery to be recharged in 20 to 30 minutes and between five and 10 minutes in the case of ultra-fast chargers. Each station will also be able to charge between 2 and 7 vehicles at a time, bringing the number of fast recharging points to 430 throughout the network.
The network will cover the six radial roads and the three main transverse corridors — Mediterranean, Cantabrian and the Silver Route —, and will reach all provincial capitals, as well as public access spaces in the main cities. In 2018, the first 30 fast recharging stations were put into operation. At the beginning of 2020, almost 2,000 charging stations have been installed and are being developed on public roads in Spain.
The electricity supplied at these recharging points will be 100 % green, and will hold a guarantee of renewable origin certificate, which certifies that this energy comes from clean generation sources.
Users who go to the quick recharging stations, whether or not they are Iberdrola customers, can recharge with the mobile application that the company has developed as part of its Smart Mobility Plan: through the Iberdrola Public Recharge App, drivers of electric vehicles can geolocate, book and pay for recharging by mobile. The App incorporates a verified map of all shippers on public roads in the country — currently more than 3,600 charging points, operated by Iberdrola and other energy companies, at 1,200 locations.
Green hydrogen corridor in Valencia and Murcia
Iberdrola is also leading the creation of a green hydrogen corridor in the Valencia and Murcia regions, which includes the construction of three hydropower plants in Valencia, Alicante and Murcia, with an electrolyser capacity of 5 MW each, enabling the production and supply of green hydrogen to heavy transport, thus moving towards increasingly sustainable mobility.
Recreation of the hydropower plants in Valencia, Alicante and Murcia.
The project is complementary to the one presented by Iberdrola in Zaragoza, also aimed at transport, and to the one already being developed in Barcelona's Zona Franca industrial area, where a contract has been awarded for the construction and 10-year operation of a hydrogen plant to be used by Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) buses and other fleets and industries operating there.
Furthermore, Iberdrola is leading a project that will develop the first fully electric Mediterranean Corridor for heavy goods transportation by road, alongside a transportation and logistics company, Disfrimur and a company specialising in power electronics, Ingeteam. This corridor will cover the Murcia region and Valencian Community, although its promoters intend to expand in the coming years to the other Spanish goods corridors.
The initiative includes three areas of action: the acquisition of fully electric heavy goods vehicles of up to 40 tonnes; the establishment of public charging infrastructure, installing charging points at Disfrimur's logistics bases (also open to the public) and at other stations equipped with high power chargers for intercity journeys; as well as the deployment of a smart grid to service these chargers, ensuring maximum efficiency.
The largest green corridor in Brazil
Neoenergia, a subsidiary of Iberdrola group in Brazil, is developing the country's largest electric route, which will connect the capitals of Salvador (Bahia) and Natal (Rio Grande do Norte), passing through the cities of Aracaju (Sergipe), Maceió (Alagoas), Recife (Pernambuco) and Joao Pessoa (Paraíba). The corridor will be more than 1,100 kilometres long and will have 18 charging stations for electric vehicles: 12 of these will be fast charging and located on the roads between the six towns, while the remaining six will be medium charging and located in urban areas and shopping centres. The project will be operational in 2021.
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ScottishPower promotes electric mobility with the PACE Project
ScottishPower, Iberdrola's subsidiary in the United Kingdom, is collaborating with the Scottish government in its biggest project to promote electric mobility: the PACE Project.
This plan will create more than 40 electric vehicle charging centres across Lanarkshire (Scotland). PACE is testing a new concept for planning and implementing electric vehicle charging infrastructure as part of which SP Energy Networks is working with North and South Lanarkshire Councils and Transport Scotland.
The CEO of SP Energy Networks Frank Mitchell with Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon at the launch of the strategic partnership on 29 August 2019.
Iberdrola is the first Spanish company to join the EV100 initiative by The Climate Group, a program that unites companies around the world committed to speeding up the transition to electric vehicles (EV), and making electric transport the new standard by 2030.
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Under this agreement, Iberdrola will electrify its entire vehicle fleet in Spain and the United Kingdom (3,500) and provide charging facilities for its staff by 2030. In Spain, the company has committed to installing up to 16,000 charging points in homes and 9,000 in workplaces by 2021, while in the United Kingdom it has already begun to electrify its vehicles under 3.5 tonnes.
The company is also working to fulfil those goals in Brazil, Mexico and the United States, depending on the characteristics and behaviour of the EV markets in these countries.
In addition to this, the company has other business activity initiatives, such as:
- Green Fleet
- Electric charging points in workplaces
- Operations mobility service
- Optimising distributing routes
- Remote management
- Design and operation of properties
- Carsharing service
Thanks to this last electric service, employees have environmentally-friendly vehicles for trade negotiations in Madrid, Bilbao, Valencia and Barcelona.
Internationally, AVANGRID, Iberdrola's North American subsidiary, has reached an agreement with the software manufacturer EV Connect to use real-time information on the electric vehicle, with the aim of assessing the creation of a comprehensive platform for managing the recharging of electric cars on the network on a large scale. This agreement will provide AVANGRID with advanced data analysis for making investment decisions and understanding the consumption of electric vehicles. In addition, EV Connect data will be used to plan the electrification of its own vehicle fleet.
AVANGRID has also announced a 2 million dollar grant that will allow the State of Connecticut to continue offering a popular rebate program for zero-emissions vehicles. The initiative, known as CHEAPR program, provides direct financial incentives up to 5,000 dollars for state residents who purchase or lease a new zero-emission vehicle.
Likewise, the American company has launched a subsidy program through its subsidiary Central Maine Power (CMP), the latest beneficiaries of which are three organisations from Maine. The subsidies will increase the fleet of electric vehicles as well as the charging infrastructure.
Iniciatives for employees
Iberdrola has again renewed the Electric Vehicle for Employees initiative as part of its Sustainable Mobility Plan to give its employees access to sustainable transport. Launched in 2016, it has been extended to group employees in the UK to enable even more group employees to benefit.
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The plan consists of subsidies compatible with state subsidies:
- Iberdrola offers a special advance for the purchase of a "100% electric vehicle".
- The company offers grants to employees who subscribe to a charging point through Iberdrola.
- Non-repayable grant for advertising sponsorship for 100% electric cars, bicycles and electric scooters and motorbikes.
Iberdrola has also made available to employees the following tools:
- Collective transport
- Labour flexibility
- Promoting cycling
- Parking management
- Carpooling, which allows employees to publish their journeys and offer their vehicle to share the trips
Iniciatives for suppliers
In its strategy to foster sustainable transport and promote the electrification of transport, Iberdrola has become a strategic partner of IFEMA to promote sustainable mobility and a transport to work plan through various actions. The first of these initiatives has been the opening the first sustainable public car park on a trade fair site in Spain to coincide with the start of the COP25. This car park enables simultaneous charging of 34 electric vehicles and is part of other joint initiatives by both organisations, such as arranging and taking part in activities to publicise and encourage electric mobility.
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Furthermore, Iberdrola installed over 50 e-vehicle charging stations and supplies 100% renewable energy in stores, logistics centres and corporate buildings of Ikea in Spain. The stores in Málaga, Badalona and Zaragoza are the first to have this equipment, with the main offices in San Sebastián de los Reyes (Madrid) and its logistics centre in Valls (Tarragona).
The subholding of Iberdrola group in the United Kingdom, Scottish Power, has launched UK's first end-to-end 100% green package for electric vehicles in collaboration with the car manufacturer Arnold Clark. This initiative will allow buyers to purchase or lease an electric vehicle of their choice, book a home charging point installation and sign up to an exclusive 100% renewable electricity tariff as part of the same package.
In addition, the ScottishPower subsidiary SP Energy Networks is funding the development of WattsUp, a mobile application that shows Scottish electric vehicle drivers where their nearest charging point is located.
In the United States, the company's subsidiary Avangrid is expanding its electric vehicle charging infrastructure in Maine and New York, with an investment of USD 34 million. A total of 3.2 million customers and employees in New York, New England and Oregon can benefit from a USD 5,000 discount when they purchase a Nissan LEAF EV.
Iberdrola also offers the electronic billing service, with which it avoids spending on paper and ink as well as the emissions derived from the transport used to deliver the bills, and the CO2 calculator conceived to control them.
Finally, and within its commitment to create value in the regions in which it operates, the company also encourages electric mobility among its local suppliers: the company will incorporate the existence of a sustainable urban mobility plan as a new parameter in its supplier databases.
OTHER SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY INITIATIVES
SP Energy Networks, a subsidiary of the Iberdrola group's British subholding, has awarded £1.5 million to First Glasgow, Scotland's largest bus company, to put the first large electric buses into service in Glasgow. The two new vehicles will run the route between Milton and the city centre, serving over 200,000 passengers a year.
Electric bus financed by SP Energy Networks.
In addition, it will finance a bus for three months to connect several local museums, the only electric bus currently in operation, while working with operators to ensure the service continues.
SP Energy Networks has also awarded funding to Community Transport Glasgow, Scotland's leading civic transport organisation, to replace its old diesel vehicles with a new fleet of low-carbon, electric minibuses to meet the mobility needs of its more than 75,000 elderly, disabled and vulnerable users.
These grants are part of the company's £20 million Green Economy Fund to boost the green economy in Scotland.
Global energy group Iberdrola has joined the International Transport Forum's (ITF) Corporate Partnership Board to work on topics related to sustainability, the decarbonisation of transport, innovation, and workforce diversity.
The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation with 60 member countries that facilitates global dialogue for better transport. It acts as a think tank for member governments and organises an annual summit of transport ministers. The Corporate Partnership Board is the ITF's platform for engaging with the private sector and enriching global transport policy discussion with a business perspective.
Iberdrola has joined a ground-breaking work group in Spain, created by the ICAI-ICADE Comillas Pontifical University with the purpose of contributing to changing the environmental paradigm in transport.
The Electric Vehicle and Sustainable Mobility Observatory (OVEMS) will provide a rigorous data gathering, applied research and technical assessment platform that can be used as a support element during the development and establishment of electrical and sustainable mobility viability standards in Spain. This will be guaranteed with the consolidated experience of the Higher Technical School of Engineering (Comillas ICAI) and of the Technological Research Institute (IIT) in the Electricity and Energy Sectors, as well as with the experience of Comillas ICADE on business, legislation and tax matters, as well as all other areas of the University in relation to sociology and psychology. The university's and external experts will collaborate with the OVEMS and other companies and actors in the transportation and energy sectors.
Its main areas of activity are:
- Disseminating information related to electric vehicle and sustainable mobility technologies with reports issued for industry and institutions.
- Developing and promoting degree essays or Master's degrees for the different degrees offered by the Comillas Pontifical University.
ALIGNED WITH THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS
Iberdrola has incorporated the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) into its business strategy and Sustainable Management Policy.
In addition to contributing directly to achieving goals 7 (affordable and clean energy), 13 (action for the climate) and 11 (sustainable cities and communities), Iberdrola's Sustainable Mobility Plan contributes indirectly to goals 3 (health and well-being), 8 (decent work and economic growth) and 9 (industry, innovation and infrastructure).
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THE FUTURE OF SUSTAINABLE URBAN MOBILITY
Electric mobility will promote energy savings through more efficient and cleaner transport. Public spaces will benefit, being free of smoke. People too, by freeing us from the pollution associated with petrol or diesel-fuelled transport. Electric mobility is pro and responsible for the planet. We will tell you what the transport of the future will be like. What is needed to promote sustainable mobility?
Committed to European Mobility Week
Iberdrola supports European Mobility Week by reaffirming its commitment to sustainable mobility and electric transport as an effective way to combat climate change.
Travel through Spain from end to end with your electric vehicle
Iberdrola plans to install electric vehicle recharging stations on Spain's main motorways and dual carriageways, as well as in public areas in major cities.
Collaborative electric vehicle charging app
Iberdrola has launched the first app exclusively for collaborative electric vehicle charging. The solution places electric vehicle users in contact with the owners of charging points who wish to rent them out.
Bilbao is to get 100 new electric bikes
Iberdrola has signed an agreement with BilbaoBizi to renew part of the municipal bicycle fleet and set up a new hiring point in Larraskitu.
ScottishPower is revving up for electric transport
The group's United Kingdom subsidiary is collaborating with communities and strategic associations to meet its plans for zero net emissions, replacing the vehicles in its fleet with electric ones and encouraging its employments to switch to electric vehicles.
First public charging hub in Strathclyde
SP Energy Networks, Iberdrola's subsidiary in the UK, has opened its first public electric charging hub in Strathclyde Country Park, on the outskirts of Glasgow. This is the first of 40 planned hubs in collaboration with the PACE association and the Scottish Government.
Electric bicycles for essential workers
During COVID-19, Glasgow's electric bicycle network gave essential workers nearly 1,000 monthly subscriptions. ScottishPower, a subsidiary of Iberdrola, has been sponsoring this bike fleet, the first of the city.
Moving for Climate NOW, best outreach initiative
Iberdrola's Moving for Climate NOW Project, acknowledged as the best outreach initiative in the second Climate Leaders Awards, championed by The Climate Reality Project, for fighting against climate change.
Electrification, key to a sustainable economy
The electricity sector is the energy vector that can best incorporate renewables and, therefore, Iberdrola supports the decarbonisation of the economy through greater electrification.
What direction is urban mobility heading in?
Electric vehicles, self-driving cars, digitalisation and the collaborative economy will drastically change mobility in big cities.
Electric bikes: the most sold electric vehicle
Affordable, sustainable and healthy. Sales of electric bicycles have shot up and over 700 major cities have implemented shared electric bicycle systems.
Discover the bike lanes of the future
By land, sea or air, the cycle lanes of the future will be safer for users, help reduce pollution and prevent accidents.
BENEFITS OF SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY
Travelling in an electric car has many advantages for our environment and our health. In addition, it is ten times cheaper than a car that runs on fossil fuels and can be recharged on the road within 20/30 minutes or even at home. It leads to lower maintenance costs and payment of less tax (up to 75 % tax savings). It also helps to slow down climate change and can be accessed anywhere, without restrictions.
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IBERDROLA AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS SUSTAINABILITY MANAGEMENT
CLIMATE CHANGE AND TRANSPORT
In the following podcast, we are told how much means of transport that run on fossil fuels pollute, and what the consequences of their polluting fumes are. In addition, we find out about the advances in means of transport throughout history, and the characteristics of each type of transport. Discover the different types of sustainable mobility and what you can do to fight climate change.
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All the information about
What is sustainable mobility? What is its objective?
The concept of sustainable mobility refers to that which satisfies the needs of moving freely, being able to establish relationships without sacrificing ecological and human values (current or future). It seeks to improve the quality of the environment, not only on the basis of reducing harmful emissions from transport, but also to protect pedestrians, cyclists and people with reduced mobility. It also provides universal access to key places through public transport and internalises the socio-economic costs of means of transport.
What is sustainable mobility?
Sustainable mobility arises to counteract the negative effects caused by a type of transport model that pollutes the air, consumes excessive energy and damages the health of citizens.
It is an energy and environmental challenge that will contribute to improving social, economic and also transport well-being in cities.
It is a question of being transported in the most environmentally friendly way possible; leaving aside fossil fuels (responsible for the largest discharge of CO2 into the atmosphere and responsible for 4.5 million deaths a year, according to the latest reports). In order to combine mobility and sustainability it is necessary to invest in electric cars, carsharing and public transport. For this to be possible, mobility policies in pro of the environment are needed, as well as the implementation of a mobility plan that supports the green fleet, restrictions on polluting vehicles in urban areas and the construction of roads and circuits for non-motorised vehicles.
What sustainable mobility plan does Iberdrola propose?
Iberdrola wants to lead the transition towards sustainable mobility and electrification in transport. To this end, it offers different advantages to its stakeholders, through the Iberdrola Sustainable Mobility Plan. As part of its Sustainable Management Policy, this strategic mobility plan carries out more than 20 actions to promote the use of clean energy and end carbon emissions of traditional vehicles that run on fossil fuels. Among its actions are those aimed at its employees: aid to acquire an electric vehicle, offer of collective transport, carpooling and promotion of the use of bicycles, among others. Likewise, its business activity includes green fleet; electricity recharging points in workplaces; Operations Mobility Service and carsharing service, among others. The plan also offers numerous advantages for its customers and suppliers: the electronic invoice service, which avoids expenses on paper and ink, and cancels the emissions derived from travelling to deliver the invoices. And the CO2 calculator, designed to control the latter. In addition, Iberdrola is launching the Smart Mobility Plan for its customers, which is committed to electric mobility (it includes special rates and the largest network of fast charging stations for electric vehicles on Spain's main motorways).
What is Iberdrola's electric mobility plan?
Iberdrola is committed to electric mobility through its Smart Mobility Plan, which offers alternative mobility and provides the latest in electric car recharging.
Travelling through Spain from one end to the other with an electric car is now a reality thanks to fast charging offered by this plan for electric vehicles. The Smart Mobility Plan encompasses installing charging points, and a special rate for charging with electricity from green sources. It includes a deployment of almost 150,000 recharge points and is aimed at all types of homes and businesses that are committed to alternative mobility and want to offer this service to their employees and customers.
Users can recharge, whether they are Iberdrola customers or not, using the mobile application that the company has developed, through the Iberdrola Public Recharge app. Drivers will be able to geolocate, book and pay for their recharges via mobile phone. The application has a verified map of all the chargers on public roads in Spain — there are currently more than 3,600 charging points operated by Iberdrola and other energy companies in 1,200 locations —.
Where is electrical mobility today?
Automotive experts seem to agree that the sector will evolve more in the next five years than it has in the last half century. Increasingly, governments are providing incentives for electric cars (Plan Moves in Spain, for example); and restrictions on polluting vehicles in urban areas are forcing the advent of electric transport without conditions. Sales of pure electric cars continue to rise, taking into account new European CO2 emission measures: the number of electric transport registrations will have to be increased as this is the only option for not exceeding the permitted CO2 emissions which are currently 95 g/CO2, but in 2030 they will have to be reduced to 65.
Also, in different urban areas around the world, there are zero emission vehicle options available to citizens to move around freely (electric cars, bicycles, scooters) at a reasonable price. The public electric fleet in cities is growing, and the number of charging points for this type of vehicle is increasing exponentially.
We tell you what the mobility of the future will be like.
What good practices can be promoted for greater sustainable mobility?
Any practice that wants to combine mobility and sustainability must be committed to the promotion of public transport, non-motorised vehicles, and the reduction of the private car. To help lower environmental pollution rates, these measures are necessary as this type of transport is more environmentally friendly and more sustainable. Public transport has a much lower impact, and bicycles, scooters and other non-motorised vehicles have no impact.
If you want to continue to opt for your own vehicle, you must opt for electric vehicles (e-mobility) or hybrids. Currently, there are different incentives for sustainable cars. Iberdrola offers the Electric Vehicle Plan, which in addition to being for the good of the planet is also for the good of your pocket (90 % savings in consumption compared to a diesel or petrol vehicle).
The transport sector has to join the good practices for more sustainable mobility; changing its fleets to zero emission vehicles or readjusting the model (promoting carsharing, for example).
What help can we get to buy an electric car?
Recently, the Spanish Government has promoted the Incentive Programme for Efficient and Sustainable Mobility, known as Plan Moves 2020. Designed to manage grants for the purchase of zero emission vehicles, the plan is endowed with 100 million euros and grants up to 5,500 euros to those citizens who get rid of their old and polluting car and opt for an electric vehicle. Moves also provides grants for the purchase of plug-in hybrids.
At a private level, there are several companies that offer their stakeholders substantial aid and subsidies to get an electric car. In the case of Iberdrola, the Sustainable Mobility Plan offers economic aid to its employees who want a non-polluting vehicle and training in sustainable mobility. In addition, the company has deployed a good recharging infrastructure: there are now nearly 150,000 electric vehicle recharging points throughout the Iberian Peninsula, and it offers an app for all the necessary procedures.
What is the collaboration plan between Iberdrola and the Electric Vehicle and Sustainable Mobility Observatory (OVEMS)?
With the aim of contributing to the change in the environmental paradigm for transport, Iberdrola has joined the Electric Vehicle and Sustainable Mobility Observatory (OVEMS), created by the Universidad Pontificia de Comillas ICAI-ICADE. This observatory carries out applied research and is a data platform that carries out technical evaluations to support and accompany the development and viability of electric and sustainable mobility in Spain.
This national sustainable mobility association includes experts from the university itself and other specialists in collaboration with companies and actors from the transport and energy sectors. Among its main functions are the dissemination of electric vehicle technologies and sustainable mobility, the promotion of final degree and master's theses, the organisation of events and the consolidation of an observation and research group for national and international projects.
The importance of transport management for the environment
Means of transport are essential to our freedom of movement and play a key role for society and the economy. However, transport is responsible for a large share of greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere, so its contribution to climate change is significant.
If other sectors (energy producers and industry) started to reduce their emissions in 1990, the same cannot be said of transport which did the opposite and increased them. Means of transport have serious environmental impacts and the ecological management of transport for the good of the environment is still pending, although the paradigm is beginning to change. It is true that air pollution from transport has decreased somewhat in the last decade, mainly due to new regulations for fuel quality and European standards governing vehicle emissions. But pollution is still high.
There is no other way. In order to eliminate the characteristic 'smog berets' of urban centres, it is necessary to manage mobility properly which means being committed to sustainable mobility. Being committed to electric vehicles, carsharing, non-motorised transport; public transport. Only in this way will we achieve these desired ecological effects, put an end to environmental pollution and be able to use the term sustainable development.