Tâmega giga battery
Tâmega: one of the largest hydroelectric projects developed in Europe in the last 25 years
Iberdrola will add two wind farms to the Tâmega hydroelectric complex - one of the largest energy storage facilities in Europe, located in northern Portugal - making it one of the largest energy initiatives in the country's history. The giga-battery, with an investment of more than €1.5 billion, will involve the construction of three dams and three power plants (Gouvães, Daivões and Alto Tâmega) with a combined capacity of 1,158 MW. And two wind farms with a combined capacity of 300 MW.
The hydroelectric Tâmega project External link, opens in new window. involves the construction of three new power plants: Gouvães, Daivões and Alto Tâmega, which will be erected over the Tâmega River, a tributary of the Duero in the north of Portugal, close to Oporto. The three power plants will have an installed capacity totalling 1,158 MW, representing an increase of 6 % in the total installed electrical power in the country.
The complex will be capable of producing 1,766 GWh per year, enough to meet the energy needs of the neighbouring towns and the cities of Braga and Guimarães (440,000 homes). Furthermore, this large renewable infrastructure will have a storage capacity of 40 million kWh, equivalent to the energy consumed by 11 million people during 24 hours in their homes.
Tâmega will eliminate the end of 1.2 million tonnes of CO2 emissions annually and will diversify the generation sources, doing away with imports of over 160,000 tonnes of oil per year. It will also promote to the economic activity and the employment in the region, since it is estimated that during the entire construction phase 3,500 direct jobs and 10,000 indirect jobs will be generated — 20 % of them from neighbouring towns — through more than 100 providers — 75 of them from Portugal. Several hundred people will be hired in operational phase.
The project, which will involve an investment of more than 1.5 billion euros, including funding from the European Investment Bank (EIB). In July 2018, this financial institution loaned Iberdrola 500 million euros, the first tranche of the 650 approved in total for the funding of this development.
The project also includes, in its Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), a number of ecological system compensation measures, such as the reforestation of over 1,000 hectares, the planting of 17,000 cork oaks, and actions to improve the populations of protected fauna found in the area.
As for their entry into operation, Gouvães and Daivões started operations in early 2022 and Alto Tâmega will be operational in spring 2024.
This is how advances the construction of the Tâmega Hydroelectric Complex
This is how Tâmega advances: the most innovative hydroelectric complex in Europe.
The Gouvães pumping hydroelectric plant will store enough energy to supply two million Portuguese for 24 hours.
The Tâmega project reaches its final phase with the filling of the reservoirs, which will facilitate the start of the turbination and pumping tests.
A hybrid plant
In addition, two wind farms will be built and linked to the giga-battery, converting the complex into a hybrid power plant, whose eventual power is expected to reach 300 MW, making this one of Portugal's biggest wind projects.
They will also become the first plants of this type connected to a grid to be erected in the area around the three power plants (Gouvães, Daivões and Alto Tâmega) that will make up the Tâmega complex.
Generating electricity from two sources — hydroelectric and wind — will make it possible to consume energy in periods of high wind and improve efficiency by feeding the dam pumping system, recovering water for upstream reservoirs.
The company will be able to manage supply and demand between hydro and wind depending on the availability of both resources, but also on the dynamics of electricity market prices.
Progress of the construction works
The creation of the Daivões reservoir involved the construction of a bridge about 200 m long and 35 m high, more than 5 km of power lines, more than 7 km of roads, as well as two sewage treatment plants.
This Daivões reservoir is the lower reservoir of the 880 MW Gouvães pumped-storage hydroelectric power plant. In January 2022 Iberdrola commissioned the hydroelectric power plant's first power unit - a 220 MW capacity turbine - starting to deliver clean electricity to the grid from the Tâmega gigabattery.
This plant is reversible, i.e., it allows water from the Daivões reservoir to be stored in the Gouvães reservoir, taking advantage of the more than 650 metres difference in elevation between the two. In this way, energy can be pumped out when there is excess production and recovered when necessary. Its storage capacity allows for the continuous supply of electricity to the metropolitan area of Porto for 24 hours.
In March 2021, the first filling of the Daivões reservoir was concluded. Its associated power station will have a capacity of 118 MW thanks to the installation of three generator sets. This is the culmination of the design and construction of a concrete gravity arch dam with a height of 77.5 m and a crest length of 265 m, using 240,000 m³ of concrete.
This Daivões dam is the lower reservoir of the 880 MW Gouvães Hydro-Electric Pumped Power Station. In January 2022, Iberdrola has synchronised the first 220-MW turbine at the hydroelectric power plant, delivering clean power to the grid for the first time.
The Gouvães quarry is operational and producing aggregates for exclusive use in concrete mixes for the Tâmega hydro-electric complex; including those required to build the dams. This quarry is forecast to produce over 2 million tonnes of aggregates, equivalent to the weight of 5,000 fully equipped Boeing 747s carrying passengers.
Learn more about the Tâmega hydroelectric complex.
Progress of the works of Tâmega project.
Commitment to renewable energy in Portugal
The chairman of Iberdrola Group, Ignacio Galán, and the Portuguese prime minister, António Costa, visited the Tâmega giga battery works in January 2020, one of the largest energy stores in Europe. Galán stressed that "developing infrastructure such as this is only possible if there is clear planning, a stable framework, legal certainty and continuous dialogue to seek solutions to the inevitable incidents that can arise throughout its construction and operation".
The chairman of Iberdrola group, Ignacio Galán, and the Portuguese prime minister, António Costa, visited the construction works in January 2020.
Ignacio Galán, chairman of Iberdrola group
We will continue to drive the energy transition in this country and, with it, the creation of wealth and well-being for all Portuguese people
Pumping technology, the most efficient storage
The Tâmega giga battery will provide almost 900 MW of pumping capacity to the Portuguese electricity system, which is an increase of more than 30 % compared to the megawatt capacity available to the country today.
Iberdrola is leader in energy storage with an installed power of 4,000 MW using pumping technology, the current most efficient storage method, since it generates no atmospheric contaminating emissions and its performance is much higher than that of the best storage banks in the market. The company expects to reach 90 million kilowatt hours (kWh) of storage capacity by 2022, which is an increase over 2018 of almost 30 %: 20 million kWh more, equivalent to 400,000 electric car batteries or 1.4 million batteries for residential use.
Hydroelectric power plants like the Tâmega are a safeguard for the electrical system. The largest facility of this kind in Europe is the Cortes-La Muela complex in Valencia.
Sociocultural and environmental action plan
This Plan, developed in the context of the Tâmega project and signed with the different Municipal Chambers involved, includes a record amount of more than €50 million for the economic, social and cultural development of the Upper Tâmega region.
The purpose of the program is to contribute to the development of the region and improve the standard of living of the population — it's estimated that 3,500 direct and 10,000 indirect jobs will be generated during the execution of the complex — as well as to preserve the environment where the project will be carried out, from an environmental point of view. Planned actions will be carried out in the municipalities of Ribeira de Pena, Vila Pouca de Aguiar, Cabeceiras de Basto, Boticas, Chaves, Valpaços and Montalegre.
An example is the region of Boticas, in which Iberdrola has participated in the development of the Boticas, Nature and Biodiversity park, building accommodation for visitors and encouraging actions for the compensation of the natural environment's flora and fauna.Boticas, Nature and Biodiversity park.
The company is going to carry out this type of remedial action for the local flora and fauna both in Boticas and in Cabeceiras de Basto, Ribeira de Pena, Vila Pouca de Aguiar and Chaves by signing two collaboration protocols. The actions planned include the management, recovery and conservation of forest populations of indigenous species, the recovery of riverside forests and improving the connectivity between river courses, planting cork oaks and improving aquatic ecosystems.
In addition to these projects, Iberdrola is funding other activities, such as the improvement of the public sewer and water supply networks, upgrading and optimising sporting facilities, upgrading the equipment used by fire brigades, new recreational areas, etc. In addition, it has co-funded the construction of the new and flagship facilities and installations in the area, such as the Alvão Village Campsite, the Pedras Salgadas Horse Riding Centre or the Educational Health Resort in Vidago.
With this type of aid, Iberdrola consolidates its commitment to sustainability and social responsibility.
Tresminas Mine Complex, Portugal. Video voice transcription (Spanish version) [PDF] External link, opens in new window.
As part of the construction of the large Tâmega Hydroelectric Complex, Iberdrola has also promoted a visit to the Tresminas Roman gold Mining Site, a project that is part of the compensation actions carried out by the company pursuant to what is established in the Environmental Impact Statement.
With the investment of 1.84 million Euros in the Tresminas Mine Complex, Iberdrola is demonstrating its commitment to the economic, social, cultural and environmental development of the communities where it operates. The company is collaborating with the Vila Pouca de Aguiar Town Council and the North Portugal Regional Department of Culture in the historical, archaeological and heritage enhancement of the region. This investment started in 2016 and is expected to continue until 2023.
The company has allocated, between 2016 and the end of 2018, around 850,000 Euros which, throughout this year, will be invested as follows:
- The funding of the technical equipment.
- The continuation of the historical geological and fauna and flora studies in Tresminas.
- The acquisition of equipment for visits to inverted cone pits and mine-shafts, and for their maintenance and/or clearance.
- The construction of the support building and structures and equipment to support movement in the inverted cone pits and mine-shafts.
TRESMINAS, ONE OF THE LARGEST AURIFER EXPLORATIONS
The Tresminas Roman Mine Complex was, during the Roman Era, one of the main gold explorations in the primary deposits of the conventus bracaraugustanus and one of the most significant ones in the Northwest of the Peninsula: it is estimated that between the I and III centuries A.D. around 25 tonnes of pure gold were obtained from Tresminas, which involved the ejection of millions of tonnes of rock excavating open inverted cone pit mines.
Iberdrola is committed with this initiative to the preservation of local and national heritage in the region of Tresminas, as well as to make the archaeological and historical importance of this mine complex well known and to boost tourism in the area.
The investment made by the company allows a set of actions to be carried out that benefit the Tresminas Mine Complex, facilitating its future recognition as an Archaeological Park, which will safeguard the materials associated with Roman mining and the landscaping of the area.
Tresminas is part of the municipality of Vila Pouca de Aguiar's strategic pillars in terms of cultural tourism. The efforts made over the last few months, both at local and regional level, following the enhancement of the heritage and tourism value of Tresminas, have already resulted in an increase in the number of visitors to the region.
ALTO TÁMEGA, CANDIDATE TO BE A WORLD HERITAGE SITE
In fact, these results have been supported by activities in cross-border partnership with Las Médulas, UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997 and one of the most important and well-known Roman mines, in the El Bierzo region in Spain. The candidature is made jointly, in a common cultural project, which aims to enhance the value of the Iberian Peninsula's Roman mining legacy. In 2017, this cooperation protocol between the Municipality of Vila Pouca de Aguiar and the Las Médulas Foundation was supported by organisations such as the Direção Regional de Cultura do Norte and the Castilla y León regional government's General Directorate of Cultural Heritage. This alliance aims to further strengthen the candidature of this area of Portugal as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Iberdrola, world leader in renewable energies
At Iberdrola, we decided to commit to renewable energies more than two decades ago as a fundamental pillar on which to build our safe, clean and competitive business model. Thanks to this vision, we are today world leaders in renewable energies, reaching 41,246 MW of renewables in operation by the end of the first half of 2023.
This commitment is reflected in our record investment plan of €47 billion in the period 2023-2025, of which we will allocate 17,000 million euros to the renewables business. With these investments, we will increase our installed renewable capacity by 12,100 MW to 52,000 MW by 2025 —6,300 MW of photovoltaic, 3,100 MW of onshore wind, 1,800 MW of offshore, 700 MW of batteries and 200 MW of hydro.