Climate change is one of the most important challenges that humanity is facing in the 21st century. The electricity sector plays a key role in achieving the purpose set by the Paris agreement to limit the rise in the planet's temperature and the greenhouse effects.
The fight against climate change needs more than just good intentions. Adaptation and mitigation processes, crucial to stopping the planet from deteriorating over the coming decades, requires financing, and this flow of money can come from both private and public sources. The United Nations, though the UNFCCC, is responsible for supervising transfers from developed to developing countries.
At the UN Climate Change Conference in 2015 an agreement was reached (The Paris Agreement): to move towards carbon neutrality by the second half of the 21st Century to mitigate the effects of climate change. Here we take a look at what steps are being taken to reach a balance that is vital for the next generations.
The fight against climate change is the biggest challenge facing humanity and in order to achieve success it requires the participation of everyone, from every citizen to every government. In a world that prioritises economic interests over environmental ones, for example, multilateralism will play an essential role in bringing countries together and establishing a common strategy with one goal: safeguarding the planet.
The world's cities, which are on track to house 68% of the world's population by 2050 according to the United Nations, are crucial in the fight against climate change. That is why many have banded together, calling themselves C40, to reduce carbon emissions in the atmosphere and adapt to a phenomenon that will condition the future of the planet. The following explains some of their strategies.
Desertification, or loss of fertile, productive soil, is a problem which is exacerbating climate change, because the diminishing number of trees on the planet is worsening the greenhouse effect. One solution to this is reforestation. Despite its drawbacks, it is still an option for regreening thousands of hectares.