Climate change is one of the most important challenges that humanity is facing in the 21st century. The electricity sector plays a key role in achieving the purpose set by the Paris agreement to limit the rise in the planet's temperature and the greenhouse effects.
Global warming is causing glaciers and ice sheets to melt. The average sea level has risen 3.2 mm/year since 1993. This is catastrophic for islands and coastal regions. Especially in places like Kiribati, an idyllic Pacific atoll nation that seems destined to become the first victim of climate change.
Iberdrola is committed to completing the process of closing all of its coal-based power plants, an energy source that currently represents only 1.8% of the group's total capacity, and thus reaffirm its firm commitment to the environment.
Fulfilling the environmental commitments assumed in the Paris Agreement (COP21) requires profound changes in production processes and consumption patterns throughout all sectors of the economy.
Man's direct action and global warming are accelerating the extinction of species. For that reason, it is ever more important to protect the planet's diversity and the natural ecosystems. Particularly in the so-called mega-diverse countries, which house more than 70% of the world biodiversity.
Acid rain is one of the consequences of air pollution. Gases produced from the burning of fuels react with the oxygen in the air and water vapour, transforming into acids that fall onto the earth's surface as rain. This acidification of the earth and surface water has devastating effects on ecosystems and poses a serious danger to living beings.