Climate change is one of the most important challenges that humanity is facing in the 21st century. The electricity sector plays a key role in achieving the purpose set by the Paris agreement to limit the rise in the planet's temperature and the greenhouse effects.
How often do you get a new mobile phone? And how about a computer? Or a TV? The chances are you have been 'upgrading' more frequently in recent years due, to a great extent, to the phenomenon of planned obsolescence. This phenomenon means that not only do technological gadgets stop working after a certain time but they are also considered obsolete when a better version is produced, or they simply become unfashionable. The result of this is that the amount of electronic waste is growing constantly and threatening the environment.
Under the slogan Uniting the world to tackle climate change, the forthcoming United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26), which will be held in Glasgow (UK) from 1 to 12 November 2021, will bring together representatives of some 200 governments with the aim of accelerating climate action to fulfil the Paris Agreement. The Presidency of the conference is already working with civil society and business, including Iberdrola group, to prepare the annual event and inspire climate action ahead of the event. Once again, Iberdrola group will actively participate in this summit to show its commitment to a sustainable energy model that generates opportunities.
According to the United Nations, there will be 9.7 billion people on Earth by 2050. It is estimated that food production will have to increase by 70 % to be able to feed everyone. The food industry is already finding ways to address the challenge and new foods, which can be anything from insects - backed by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) - to microalgae and even artificial meat, will gradually find their way onto our supermarket shelves.
You may not know what permafrost is, but its melting, which is advancing due to climate change and has reached a critical point, could have serious consequences for your future. This permanently frozen ground, located in circumpolar areas in Canada, Alaska, Siberia and elsewhere, has acted as a carbon sink for thousands of years and if it thaws it could release large amounts of this gas, amplifying the problem of global warming.
During 2020 the number of extreme weather events multiplied and according to the UN, by way of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), humankind is one of the principal culprits. However, specifically speaking, to what type of phenomena are we referring? From heatwaves that dry out the ground and accentuate wildfires to hurricanes and droughts, among others, which we shall deal with below.