SDGs 8 AND 10: DECENT WORK

Towards decent and sustainable work to eliminate inequalities

#employment #social action #SDG

More than 700 million workers worldwide live in poverty (ILO, 2017), while gender disparities are widening. In order to achieve sustainable economic development, societies need to create the conditions necessary for people to access quality jobs, stimulating the economy without harming the environment.

Nowadays, having a job is not synonymous with wealth. Not even of living in dignified conditions. This is one of the conclusions reached by the International Labour Organization (ILO) in its report World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2018. The institution points out that in 2017 some 300 million workers from emerging and developing countries lived in conditions of extreme poverty: they did not even earn 1.90 dollars a day.

That figure increases to 730.2 million if you add the workers classified by the organisation as moderately poor, that is, those who live on less than $3.10 a day. The ILO estimates that 712.6 million people will be living in working poverty in emerging and developing countries during 2018 and 1.409 billion will be in vulnerable employment, making it difficult to achieve the first UN Sustainable Development Goal, which aims to end poverty.

Confronting the current situation and reversing these data has become a primary objective at the international level. This is the reason, ensuring decent, inclusive and sustainable work and reducing inequalities were made the eighth and tenth of the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals, adopted in September 2015 as part of Agenda 2030.

Keys to understanding world inequalities.#RRSSKeys to understanding world inequalities.

 SEE INFOGRAPHIC: Keys to understanding world inequalities [PDF]

IBERDROLA, COMMITTED TO ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

The Iberdrola group is committed to creating quality work and economic growth in all the countries in which it operates. The company's activity is a clear driver of wealth and economic and social development: it creates stable, quality employment and, for each euro of benefit obtained, generates €10 in the GDP of the countries where it operates (Integrated report, February 2018).

Specifically, at the close of fiscal year 2017, Iberdrola created 400,000 direct, indirect and induced jobs worldwide. In addition, it provided a total of €7.1 billion in tax contributions and generated €8.6 billion in purchase volume.

WHY ARE THE UN's OBJECTIVES FOR DECENT WORK AND ECONOMIC GROWTH AND THE REDUCTION OF INEQUALITIES SO IMPORTANT?

Economic growth and decent work go hand in hand. As the ILO points out in the study World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2018, the weak global growth potential is weighing heavily on the global economy's capacity to reduce decent work deficits in the medium term. Notably with regard to the quantity and quality of jobs and the way they are distributed between countries.

On the other hand, the same institution reports that gender disparities in accessing job opportunities still persist. The member countries that signed Agenda 2030 intend to eradicate this situation by formalising SDG 10.

TARGETS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS EIGHT AND TEN

The targets set for 2030 are:

  • Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, as well as equal pay for work of equal value.
  • Eradicate forced and child labour and protect labour rights.
  • Adopt tax, salary and social protection policies and progressively achieve greater equality.
  • Empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all people, regardless of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or other status.
  • Improve the efficient production and consumption of the world's resources and decouple economic growth from environmental degradation.
  • Ensure greater representation of developing countries in decisions taken by international economic and financial institutions.