We are committed to end with hunger in the world, do you?

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The food and agriculture sectors play a crucial part in ending hunger and poverty. When managed appropriately and responsibly, they can feed the entire planet, generate income, boost development in rural populations and protect the environment.

According to the United Nations (UN), one-third of the food produced around the world goes to waste. Approximately 1.3 billion tons of food get thrown away every year. While some countries throw food away, the situation in others is very different: 815 million people — 11% of the world's population — are suffering from malnutrition. And 155 million of them are children under the age of 5, whose growth is stunted as a result of chronic malnutrition.

Faced with this situation, ending hunger has become number two on the list of the UN's 17 Sustainable Development Goals, which were approved in September 2015 during the historic Sustainable Development Summit, a meeting at which over 150 heads of state and government approved the so-called Agenda 2030.

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Keys to understanding world hunger


815 million people

are undernourished.

19% of them are children:

under the age of 5 and they are not as tall as they should be for their age because of chronic malnutrition.

How is it distributed around the world?

20% is in Africa, 11.7% in Asia and 6.6% in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Top 10 countries with the highest famine rates

They are all in Africa, where two out of every 10 inhabitants are undernourished (chronic hunger)













United Rep. of Tanzania





Central African Rep.

Sierra Leone


What causes it

Lack of food production systems and sustainable agriculture,
shortage of aid for the sector, food waste
and high level of vulnerability of certain populations to
natural disasters and war.

Is there a solution?

Although the figure for malnutrition has improved compared to the 900 million people declared in 2000, we must strive to improve production and cultivation systems and encourage access to resources for women farmers.


 SEE INFOGRAPHIC: Keys to understanding World Hunger [PDF]

Why is Zero Hunger Goal that important?

Malnutrition is concentrated in Asia and Africa, where countries like Ethiopia and Kenya were declared in famine in 2017. But hunger also affects a great many areas in Latin America and the Caribbean, where food insecurity is increasing.

It is estimated that by 2050 there will be some 2 billion more people on the planet, but there will be 25% less cultivable land. This calls for sustainable food production systems and resilient agricultural practices that will put an end to hunger, ensure food security, improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

Objectives of the second Sustainable Development Goal

Although malnutrition has been waning since 2000, it is still paramount that we intensify our efforts to change cultivation and production systems, and to promote access to resources by women farmers. The objectives for 2030 are:

  • To end hunger and ensure equal access for all to healthy, nourishing and sufficient food.
  • To end all forms of malnutrition, which range from chronic malnutrition to overweight and obesity.
  • To ensure the sustainability of food production systems and apply agricultural practices that increase productivity and help protect our ecosystems.
  • To double agricultural productivity and income for small-scale food producers through safe and equal access to land.

 Committed to the Sustainable Development Goals