EAST ANGLIA ONE OFFSHORE WIND FARM
East Anglia ONE is part of the last great offshore wind farm in the United Kingdom
With an installed power capacity of 714 MW, it will provide clean energy to nearly 600,000 British homes from 2020. East Anglia ONE is the largest renewable energy project undertaken by a Spanish company ever, and entails an investment of almost 3 billion euros.
East Anglia ONE: main project data.
East Anglia ONE will be the largest offshore wind farm in the world when it starts operations in 2020, thanks to its installed power capacity of 714 MW, supplying clean energy to nearly 600,000 British homes. This is the largest renewable energy project undertaken by a Spanish company ever, and entails an investment of over 3 billion euros, as proof of Iberdrola's commitment to combating climate change.
Installation of Andalusia II substation
In July 2018, Iberdrola and Navantia held a handover ceremony for the Andalusia II offshore substation constructed by Navantia entirely in its Puerto Real shipyard for Iberdrola's East Anglia One offshore wind farm in the United Kingdom waters. The event was attended by Ignacio Galán, Chairman of Iberdrola, José Esteban García Vilasánchez, Chairman of Navantia and Susana Díaz, president of the autonomous region of Andalusia, who acted as patroness of the substation.
In the fabrication of Andalusia II, the biggest AC offshore substation ever constructed in the world, Navantia and some thirty local auxiliary companies participated. The delivery of this unit, achieved in the agreed upon times of 16 months of work, has allowed the creation of an average of 450 jobs — mostly local ones —, which at peak times of work increased to 600 people.
The Andalusia II substation began its sea crossing 4 August from Puerto Real to British waters and travelled 1,333 nautical miles (2,468 kilometres) that separated it from its location in East Anglia ONE, where it was installed on 31 August. Over the next four months around 60 engineers will work around the clock to complete the installation of the equipment needed to commission the substation.
Andalusia II offshore substation will be the central nucleus of East Anglia ONE: its function will be to collect the electricity produced by the wind turbines and transform it from 66 kV to 220 kV. Electricity will be transmitted subsequently through the marine cable to earth, minimising potency losses along the journey.
Installation of the first jackets
Iberdrola has started installing the first jacket foundations, constructed by Navantia at its facilities in Fene (Galicia) and the piles, constructed by Windar at its facilities in Avilés (Asturias). Over the next few months, a total of 42 jacket foundations, each with a total height (i.e. including the underwater part) of 65.5 metres will be installed, together with 126 piles and the other components. For the second time, following the Wikinger offshore wind farm project (in the German part of the Baltic Sea), Iberdrola has commissioned this two companies to develop some of the wind turbine components at their facilities in Spain. Construction of these components is generating one million hours of work, creating an average of 800 jobs and employing as many as 1,300 people at peak points, thus ensuring the continuity of these companies' businesses in Spain and promoting the Spanish shipbuilding sector.
Siemens Gamesa will supply the 102 7-MW turbines for the farm from its new facilities in Hull, in the north-east of England.
Apart from that, Lowestoft-based Turner Iceni, the renewable energy vessel specialist, has been awarded a contract exceeding £4 million by ScottishPower Renewables to provide support for the construction of the East Anglia ONE offshore windfarm. The scope of the contract will include the transfer of light plant, tools, spares and personnel to and from the offshore wind turbines, the offshore substation and met mast locations.
ScottishPower also has awarded a contract to the British company Murphy for the onshore cable connection works of the project with a value of approximately €14.7 million. In particular, Murphy will execute the following cable works: excavation, conduit installation, restoration and verification of locations; the works are expected to be completed by August 2018.
On the other hand, the Port of Lowestoft, after an award of contracts valued at 10 million pounds, by ScottishPower Renewables and the Associated British Ports (ABP), has been the chosen home to carry out the monitoring of this megaproject of offshore wind. The enclave will become a new state-of-the-art base of operations and maintenance that will include specialised offices and storage. The new building will help to support the offshore phase of construction work on the windfarm, as well as the 30-plus years operational lifespan of the facility.
In total, around 100 people will be employed full-time at the port when East Anglia ONE is completed. With the support of its customers, ABP's Ports of East Anglia, King's Lynn, Lowestoft and Ipswich contribute £340 million to the UK economy every year and support 3,577 jobs in the region and 5,000 jobs nationally.
Main project data
The size of Iberdrola's flagship project is unheard-of in the industry. These are some of the most relevant details:
- East Anglia ONE will have 102 turbines of 7 MW each one, provided by Siemens Gamesa. They will be the largest ones to date.
- The turbines will be hosted inside wind turbine towers reaching a total height of 235 metres.
- The wind farm will be located 85 km from the coast and occupy an area of 300 km2, the equivalent to 40,000 football pitches.
- The sub-station will reach a height of 158 metres, only 7 metres shorter than the Iberdrola Tower building in Bilbao.
But this new offshore wind farm is part of an even more ambitious project: Iberdrola has applied to the British Government for permission to extend these facilities and has, therefore, submitted a plan to the United Kingdom Authorities for East Anglia TWO (257 km2/800 MW capacity) and THREE (305 km2/1,200 MW capacity).
Likewise, and in response to the company's on-going commitment to wind power research and innovation, ScottishPower, the British subsidiary of Iberdrola, is developing the Frond Mats initiative (vegetation covers) in the waters of the East Anglia ONE offshore wind farm, which uses synthetic undersea vegetation to reduce the effects of currents and is designed to protect wind turbines from the effects of erosion, resulting in huge economic savings.
One of the largest renewable energy installations in the world
Through its British subsidiary, ScottishPower Renewables, Iberdrola has received the approval of the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy of the United Kingdom (BEIS) to start-up East Anglia THREE, a new offshore wind farm that will have an installed power of 1,200 megawatts (MW). Therefore, the future East Anglia wind farm will reach a total power capacity of 2,000 MW, becoming one of the largest renewable energy installations in the world.
East Anglia THREE will be located 69 kilometres off the Norfolk coast, close to the London metropolitan area, and shall supply electricity to approximately one million British homes. The aim is to start on the construction work in 2022 and start production in 2025.
Other projects under construction
Iberdrola, through its subsidiary ScottishPower Renewables is working on other offshore wind power projects, such as:
- The Saint Brieuc offshore wind farm (496 MW), located in the waters of Saint Brieuc Bay, will supply clean energy to 850,000 households after it is commissioned.
- Iberdrola has successfully installed the Andalusia II substation in the East Anglia One offshore wind farm in the United Kingdom
- Iberdrola starts the transfer of the Andalusia II substation from Cádiz to the East Anglia ONE offshore wind farm in the United Kingdom
- Iberdrola takes delivery from Navantia of the Andalusia II substation for the East Anglia ONE offshore wind farm, U.K.